Tag: reform

Greece painstakingly reforms its labor law
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Greece painstakingly reforms its labor law

« They can declare our strikes as illegal as they want, that's thesmachines boats that will have the last mot ”. Small, with a two-day-old beard, salt and pepper hair and a gruff look, Giorgos, in his fifties, has been shouting for hours. The sun is not yet wide awake that it is already there with his guys to set up the pickets in front of the boats moored in Piraeus. Before 6 a.m., it's done. Two men decided on each side of the access doors block the entry of the boats with a large banner.More flexibilityFor 24 hours, no ship will leave Piraeus in protest against the new labor law which, according to the government, aims to strengthen labor flexibility while regulating the right to strike. According to the unions, section 57 allows the employer to impose up to 150 h...
What still blocks the reform of the CAP
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What still blocks the reform of the CAP

How to find a compromise with MEPs on the reform of the common agricultural policy (CAP) which will condition the future of European agriculture for the coming decade? This is what the ministers concerned meeting in Lisbon on Monday June 14th will tackle after the "super-trilogue" - bringing together the Council (the Member States), Parliament and the Commission (the European executive) -, completed on a slamming the door at the end of May. In accordance with the 2007 Lisbon Treaty, the CAP is now subject to co-decision by the Council and the Parliament. The current one was therefore negotiated for the first time in 2013, without any particular problem.The situation is quite different for the CAP, which will cover the period 2023-2027. A first step was taken in October...
Is there an urgent need to reform pensions?
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Is there an urgent need to reform pensions?

The case is unlikely to advance by next yearOlivier RouquanPolitical scientist, political science teacher and associate researcher at Cersa (Source: O. Rouquan)For those in power, the pension reform is a “lasting emergency”, since it has been delayed by the Covid crisis. It is understandable that the president's strategy is to continue to embody the reform and, with the latter, a certain desire to change things. We should not appear as a president at the end of his mandate who has nothing more to propose.However, it is unlikely that the case will advance by next year. Will we, within a year, even though the legislative agenda is already saturated, have time to reinscribe such texts? It would be really amazing. It is, more likely, a way for the president to mak...
Pensions: is there an urgent need to reform?
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Pensions: is there an urgent need to reform?

► "A pension system must be balanced to be credible"Vincent Touzé, economist at OFCE, specialist in pensions“Our pension system was already suffering from a funding problem and the crisis will inevitably exacerbate its difficulties. There is a shortfall in revenue with the fall in GDP, while spending is marked by strong inertia. All this can only worsen the financial forecasts in the medium or long term.→ READ. The pension system towards a record deficit in 2020From a purely economic point of view, the crisis therefore increases the pressure for reform, even if it is necessary to keep in mind that the pension system is piloted with a distant horizon. It is legitimate for the deficit to increase during the crisis. On the other hand, we must start to look at how to abso...
“The reform would put an end to tax evasion”
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“The reform would put an end to tax evasion”

Historical progress or minimum agreement? How do you assess the decision of the G7 Finances to support the reform of international taxation initiated under the auspices of the OECD?Pascal Saint-Amans: It is a historic agreement and it is disappointing that some are trying to diminish its scope. Just six months ago, many thought it would never happen. Yet the G7 countries have agreed to support a two-pronged reform. On the one hand, the introduction of a world minimum tax of at least 15%; on the other, a better distribution of rights to be imposed on the profits of large multinational companies. This is an extraordinary step forward, the fruit of long-term work carried out within the OECD, then pushed by France and Germany and now taken up with unprecedented force by ...
Understanding Global Business Tax Reform
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Understanding Global Business Tax Reform

► How could the reform see the light of day?This global reform of corporate taxation is being prepared within a forum hosted by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) headquartered in Paris. This forum is called "Inclusive framework". He has been discussing for more than ten years and tries to come to define, by consensus, some common rules.→ READ. Global corporate tax: the G7 agrees on a rate of at least 15%To date 138 states participate in this forum. Representatives of businesses, unions, non-governmental organizations, etc. are also invited to speak. It has resulted in a reform project based on two pillars. To enter into force, the reform must achieve consensus. It must first be approved by the G20, which was the initiator of the reform...
Reform of the military schools of Saint-Cyr
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Reform of the military schools of Saint-Cyr

“Winning the wars of tomorrow with the young people of today. " In a phrase, General Patrick Collet, commander of the schools of Saint-Cyr – Coëtquidan, in Morbihan, sums up the ongoing renovation of the training of army officers. Next to the Special Military School of Saint-Cyr, which trains officers entering through an external competition, and the Combined Arms Military School (Emia), which recruits among active non-commissioned officers, a third educational institution will see the light of day on July 6: the École des aspirants de Saint-Cyr – Coëtquidan. Its vocation is to give legitimacy to officers under contract and students of grandes écoles trained in one year. In addition to a master's degree in command, they will now have a flag and an outfit, which...
Economy prepares the biggest reform of the Stock Market by opening it to ‘blockchain’ technology
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Economy prepares the biggest reform of the Stock Market by opening it to ‘blockchain’ technology

The blockchain, the best known distributed ledger technology (DLT), sets out to revolutionize operations in the market. And the Ministry of Economic Affairs is a pioneer, introducing it in the reform it is preparing. Stock operations carried out with this technology will not have to go through a central counterparty chamber. The regulation anticipates a pending EU regulation that predicts the merger of trading activities and everything that happens after a sale is crossed: clearing, settlement and registration. It will be the biggest change in the history of the Stock Exchange. Everything comes from a European regulation even in the kitchen. And in any case, it will be a "pilot regime", although it promises a revolution: market participants will be able to use a shared database that ...
“Rui Rio is a victim of his own.  A lonely and a little erratic leadership ”
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“Rui Rio is a victim of his own. A lonely and a little erratic leadership ”

The controversy surrounding the armed forces has been one of the main highlights of the public debate. If, on the one hand, Aníbal Cavaco Silva, Ramalho Eanes and dozens of former military chiefs have already publicly criticized the decree, on the other hand PS and PSD seem to be willing to make the diploma feasible. Maria João Avillez considers that this issue is much more than a controversy and that this reform "Has not been fully explained to the country". More than a controversy is a very serious matter, because when we see a disagreement on the part of all military leaders, since April 1974, and when we see two ex-presidents of the republic disagree also, vehemently, of this reform we have to stop to think . The matter is serious...