Tag: effects

Sci&Tech

Small, Landmark Trial Sees Magic Mushroom Compound Perform as Well as Antidepressants

In an ongoing search for new ways to tackle depression, researchers have compared psilocybin, the active compound of magic mushrooms, against a well-established antidepressant in a small phase II trial.  Promisingly, the results show that psilocybin was at least as effective as the common antidepressant when used alongside psychological therapy.It's still very early research. But previous studies have suggested psilocybin doesn't produce nearly as many side effects as antidepressants and its effects are almost immediate.Trialing the most common type of antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), on the other hand, can be a nauseating experience for many of us, involving brain zaps, lethargy and emotional turbulence.Many patients end up feeling worse before it can fin...
Sci&Tech

Here's Why You Can Expect More Severe Vaccine Side Effects if You're Young or a Woman

Two people could walk into the same pharmacy on the same day and receive the same coronavirus vaccine – but their side effects will likely differ.That's because each person's immune system is unique. How it responds to vaccines depends on broad categories like age and sex, as well as more individual characteristics like our genes or history of exposure to infections.  "Your immune response essentially dictates your side effects," Dr Vivek Cherian, an internal-medicine physician in Baltimore, told Insider.In general, women and younger adults tend to have the most severe side effects after their coronavirus shots, no matter the dose or manufacturer.For all three US-authorized coronavirus vaccines – from Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson – younger adults more commonly reported fatig...
Sci&Tech

Here's What COVID-19 Vaccine Side Effects to Expect Based on Your Age, Sex, And Dose

When Freedom Baird got her first dose of Moderna's vaccine in February, she wasn't sure what kind of side effects to anticipate.Baird is a COVID-19 long-hauler – she's had lingering shortness of breath and chest pain for roughly a year. Many people who've had a prior infection develop more side effects in response to the first vaccine dose than the second. An average person, meanwhile, typically feels more run-down after their second shot.  Baird's age complicated her expectations: She's 56, and clinical trials have shown that people over 55 often develop fewer vaccine side effects. As it turns out, she didn't feel much."It was really just that first day of feeling achy and flu-y," Baird told Insider.While doctors can't predict exactly how someone will respond to a coronavirus vaccine, t...
Sci&Tech

Are Artificial Sweeteners Healthier Than Sugar or No? Here's What Experts Think

Saccharin – the first artificial sweetener - was discovered by accident when, in 1879, Professor Ira Remsen from Johns Hopkins University noticed a sweet substance on his hands after experimenting with different chemicals in the laboratory.  Saccharin quickly became extremely popular, mainly due to how cheap it was. It was particularly widespread during World War II, when real sugar was in short supply.Today, artificial sweeteners are central to the huge market of diet- and sugar-free food and drinks. Their attraction today is not only how cheap they are, but their potential to combat the increasing threat of obesity and its associated health impacts.Saccharin is over 200 times sweeter than sugar but has zero calories. Does this mean that we should replace all sugar with artificial sweete...