In these “global” times it is common to associate the idea of growth with that of development, however, profound differences can be established between the two. To grow means to increase the size; to develop, on the other hand, means to expand, it is the difference between the quantitative and the qualitative. It is evident that they do not march together, even more, they can radically oppose. Growth has to do with infrastructure, development with human beings.
The growth of certain magnitudes in the global system is increasingly faster, it is the force that drives the economy to go beyond the physical limits of the earth, its dynamics is one of large-scale multiplication. The development, as well recommended amartya senIt has to do with education, health, decent housing, employment and wages.
From the Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution there was a very significant growth in all orders, particularly in what refers to the population and the economy. From the Industrial Revolution to date, this growth has multiplied one hundred percent. And if we continue along this line, growth has no limits, it has no borders, and there is a mistaken idea that growth equals development.
That is why the large transnationals that go here and there making governments believe that development has arrived. Our country is a good example of this, despite the international treaties it has signed and the arrival of numerous transnationals, the balance of poor is a little more than half in relation to the bulk of the population, a clear example that the Growth and development are different things.
Obviously, this mad rush to sell, to take possession of the markets, to expand them everywhere, in short, to globalize the market complicated our environment, complicated the house. The voracity and rapine of a few has been detrimental to the great majorities, suffice it to mention the famous 20 percent of rich who are part of the happy statistics of Forbes and the 80 percent who are part of the OMC numbers -now the 90/10– and other agencies that read poverty in the world and the gap between poor and rich is getting deeper.
Our house –the planet–, of course, is becoming more complicated every day in its forests, in its resources, in its natural sources and that has been the problem of a market without commercial regulations, of a voracious economy that is above them. states, and we are alarmed by the disorder of ecology; with pollution in big cities, with global overheating, with the fact that it rains more than before, with the fact that the poles are widening, with the great tsunamis, among other things.
A nature that shows signs of exhaustion due to the saturation of processes of exploitation and deterioration; to the point that our classical relationship with it has been inverted, being nature the one that is threatened today in terms of its great balances. It is the excessive economy in the hands of a few that has upset the planet that sustains us, nature and the community, because at the end of everything it is the community that lives at ground level. In this regard, MacIntyre says that the public discussion of ethical questions has become a kind of Babel, due, to a large extent, to the fact that we have lost all notion of the way in which the community generates obligations in us.
One of the things that can contribute to recovering that lost sense of community is the recognition that, in the current hour, our professional commitments have assumed many of the roles that our community commitments used to fulfill. The great trips and commercial exchanges in the past offered abundant opportunities and today this continues, but the problem is not that, but the great inequality that has been produced.
It is true, there is much evidence that the market has brought many benefits to today’s society, however, the lack of a humane economic discourse has disadvantaged a good part of our brothers and sisters in many parts of the planet, it would be worth the It is worth remembering that “no one has the right to the superfluous while others lack the essential” (Ortega y Gasset).
The central problem is how to make use of the advantages of science and technology and how to make this have a more human face. Science and technology and their not only misuse, but arbitrary and unlimited use, requires consensus, requires discourses of respect for the minimum, I would not even say coexistence, but in many cases and in many regions, survival.
Science and technology that allow man in some way to control nature and adapt to the environment, already need a generalized discipline that serves as a catalyst and balance for caring for ourselves and our environment. it tries to build a sufficiently rich clinical history to go global from there.
It is about regulating, regulating, reviewing the damage that today is already irreversible and that requires deep reflection and urgent consensus where the commitment to human beings and their immediate future is fundamental. In the framework of sustainable development, it is not a question of making the pie bigger, it is a question of dividing it well – that is the difference between growth and development. Faced with the bells being raised because it is thought that the history of the region will be before Tesla and after Tesla, it would be appropriate to reflect on this. So things.
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