The International Criminal Court (ICC) has issued an arrest warrant against Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday, accusing him of war crimes for his invasion of Ukraine. It’s about the First time in history that this court issues an arrest warrant against the president of a country that is a member of the UN Security Council.
In a releasethe ICC noted that Putin is “allegedly responsible for the war crime of illegal deportation of persons (children) and the illegal transfer of population (children) from the occupied areas of Ukraine to the Russian Federation”.
“There are reasonable grounds to believe that Putin bears criminal responsibility for the above-mentioned crimes (I) for having committed the acts directly, jointly with others and/or through others (Article 25 (3)(a) of the Rome Statute), and (II) for its inability to exercise control adequately over civilian and military subordinates who committed the acts, or permitted their commission, and who were under their effective authority and control, in accordance with superior responsibility (Article 28(b) of the Rome Statute,” the statement justifies.
#ICC President Judge Piotr Hofmański on recent arrest warrants against Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin and Maria Alekseyevna Lvova-Belova in the context of the situation in #Ukraine
More info: pic.twitter.com/45bT4mHqIs
— Int’l Criminal Court (@IntlCrimCourt) March 17, 2023
In addition to the accusation on Putin, the Court also accuses Maria Lvova-Belovathe Presidential Commissioner for Children’s Rights in Russia, also for the crimes of illegal deportation and illegal transfer of people.
In this sense, a report from Yale University and the US State Department’s Conflict Observatory program indicated last February that at least 6,000 minors have been removed from Ukraine in the last year and held in at least 43 camps in Russia. The Ukrainian government estimates that the figure would exceed 16,000 children and adolescents.
The Court clarifies that it is not customary to make public these types of arrest warrants to protect victims and witnesses and safeguard the investigation, but they point out that, since this violation of human rights is still active, the publication of the warrants “may contribute to the prevention of further commission of crimes.”
Given the information in recent days that advanced the possibility of the accusation, the Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, stressed that he does not recognize the jurisdiction of the court. Regarding the accusations of retention of minors, from Moscow they have been pointing out that it is a “humanitarian mission” to protect orphaned or abandoned minors from the war.
For his part, the Attorney General of Ukraine, Andriy Kostin, thanked the ICC initiative and recalled that the order issued by The Hague obliges the countries that are part of the court to arrest and hand over the Russian president to the ICC. “World leaders need to think twice before shaking hands or sitting down with Putin,” the Ukrainian prosecutor added.
Ukraine has initiated several proceedings against Russia in The Hague for the more than 70,000 Russian war crimes that he claims to have documented in the territory.
The Russian Federation began its illegal intervention on part of the Ukrainian territory on February 24, 2022, justifying it in a “denazification” of the territory.
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