TASS, March 17. The basic law, which is aimed at creating the legal and organizational foundations for the northern delivery, will solve the problems of transport support and delivery of goods. This opinion was expressed to TASS by the chairman of the Duma of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, Valentina Rudchenko.
“Of course, we are <...> satisfied that appropriate structures will be created that will organize and form cargo by category and, most importantly, that northern delivery will be provided by transport. This will become the responsibility of the new structures, and not us. < ...> We only deliver by ships, but we need to deliver cargo to the ships, by rail, including from the central regions to Vladivostok, to Nakhodka, we need to overcome enormous difficulties in order to ensure all this. I think that this will facilitate the work of the regions, in particular Chukotka,” the interlocutor said.
She noted that the regional Duma supported the concept and does not intend to make changes to the second reading. According to her, the sooner the law is adopted and comes into force, the sooner existing problems will be solved.
The State Duma Committee for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic at a meeting on Wednesday recommended that the chamber adopt a draft basic law in the first reading, which is aimed at creating the legal and organizational foundations for the northern delivery. Under the northern delivery, it is proposed to understand a set of measures and financial mechanisms for the regular and uninterrupted supply of territories belonging to the regions of the Far North, as well as areas equated to them with limited delivery times. The authors of the initiative propose to enshrine in the law the concepts of “territory of the northern delivery” and “territory with a limited time for the delivery of goods.”
The bill, in particular, provides for a clear distribution of powers between the federal, regional and municipal levels. It is established that the Ministry for the Development of the Far East of the Russian Federation will act as the single federal coordinator of the northern delivery. The concept of a “single maritime operator of northern delivery” is also being introduced – it will be a legal entity designated by the government, which will ensure regular transportation of northern delivery cargo between seaports. In addition, the bill also provides for the creation of a federal state information system for monitoring the northern delivery (FSIS “Northern delivery”).
To differentiate measures of state and municipal support, the document introduces three categories of northern delivery cargo. Thus, the first category includes goods necessary to ensure the life of the population and the stable functioning of organizations in the social sphere, housing and communal services and energy. The second category is proposed to include goods for state and municipal needs. It is proposed to include the rest of the goods in the third category.