Then, the meeting of CELAC Heads of State will raise its tone when the repression that occurred in Peru by the government of Dina Boulartewho has not yet reached two months of serving as president -after the dismissal of Pedro Castillochosen in elections – and already has around 50 dead.
In this regard, the president of Chili, gabriel boricwas categorical: “We cannot be indifferent when today in our sister Republic of Peru, with the Government under the command of Dina Boluarte, people who go out to march, to demand what they consider fair, end up shot by those who should defend them.“.
In this direction, the leftist young Chilean president referred to the violent entry by the Peruvian national police into the Major University of San Marcos in Lima, with the aim of breaking up a protest rejecting Boularte. “It is unacceptable,” Boric said about the arrest of more than 200 people this weekend at the university, and added to the statement issued by his government, drawing a parallel with “the sad scenes of the times of the dictatorships of the Southern Cone.” .
The return of Brazil to CELAC
The visit of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva to Argentina implied the strengthening of the alliance between the main countries of the Southern Cone, together with the return of Brazil to the Latin American integration organization.
“The unfortunate exception were the last few years, when my predecessor made the inexplicable decision to withdraw Brazil from CELAC,” Lula said of the decision of Jair Bolsonaro to withdraw the South American giant from the body, as it also did from the UNASURthe other South American integration organization created at the impulse of Brazil.
Along these lines, the Brazilian president recalled the coup attempt he suffered two weeks ago, thanked the regional support for the institutions of Brazil and highlighted: “It is important to highlight that we are a peaceful region, which repudiates extremism, terrorism and political violence.“.
For this reason, he valued the space for dialogue that CELAC implies and stated that “the region can clearly contribute to a peaceful world order, based on dialogue, the strengthening of multilateralism and the collective construction of multipolarity”.
What Nicolás Maduro said at the Summit
After the president of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro Moroscanceled his visit to Buenos Aires to participate in the Summit after denouncing the existence of “a plan elaborated within the neo-fascist right” to attack him during his stay in the country, his message was disseminated through the foreign minister Yvan Gil.
However, Maduro did not want to stop marking his presence at the Summit and, in addition, sent a video that was broadcast within the meeting of leaders; a modality also used by the president of Mexico, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, characterized by almost never leaving his country.
In his 14-minute message, Maduro said that he wanted to be physically present but was prevented by “permanent conspiracies”, so he preferred “not to stain” the meeting as they tried to do with their aggression.
“We believe that the time has come for the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States to begin to build itself from within with a very clear vision of what the future of our countries should be and the need to lay solid foundations in the construction of the union. of our countries, the union for liberation, the union for development, the union for the construction of a new model of society in this Latin America”, he also expressed after a brief account of the development of CELAC over time.
The chicane of Lacalle Pou
In turn, the Uruguayan president Luis Lacalle Pou marked a new counterpoint in the meeting of the integration organization, when he stated that “there are countries here that do not respect democracy”, in line with the denunciations of the Argentine right.
“There cannot be a club of ideological friends here. The strength of this organization will be in variety (…). We do wrong to put an ideological tint to CELAC. Beware of ideological temptation in international forums”, stated the Blanco referent by way of criticism of the document that the Pro Tempore presidency of Argentina will try to seal at the close of the Summit, in which the importance of democracy, institutions and human rights.
Finally, the president sought to respond to the Argentine government, in the midst of the tussles over the destinations of the mercosur and after yesterday the Minister of Economy Sergio Massa classify Uruguay as a “little brother”. “There are countries here that do not respect democracy, human rights or institutions. We do not have a hemiplegic vision according to ideological affinity”, concluded Lacalle Pou.
From saying to doing, Petro’s will
The Colombian President, Gustavo Petro, promoted CELAC to stop rhetoric and carry out concrete integration plans. “There is a great distance between the rhetoric of Latin American integration and reality. We talk a lot about uniting, but we do little to really do it. And I believe that this story has to change. We have to move from rhetoric to reality,” he said. .
The Colombian president gave as an example of the disunity how CELAC addressed the pandemic, when it failed to promote a uniform vision either to obtain vaccines against the coronavirus or to negotiate their acquisition. “We were not able to face as a region one of the greatest challenges against recent human life. We did not integrate, we did not respond collectively“, he claimed.
Consequently, he proposed the creation of a clean energy electrical network that goes from Patagonia to Alaska, as a strategy to promote integration. “If we come together, it could put so much power into that electrical grid that we would not only be surplus in clean energy generation for our own societies, but we could be an engine to help progressive forces in the United States and Canada to change its own matrix of electrical energy”, he proposed.