The Congress of Deputies gave the green light this Thursday, almost at dawn, to the processing of two transcendental bills for the Government: the one that includes temporary taxes on banking, electricity and the richY the one that undertakes the path to eliminate sedition from the Penal Code. Both registered by PSOE and Podemos.

The vote ended with a favorable result thanks to the coalition partners, who, like the socialists and the purples, sang their yes out loud, as the PP requested for sedition and as Más País proposed for taxes. The object of this formula was to portray left and right parliamentarians with both initiatives.

The formations that support the Government and the opposition exchanged their reproaches in an endless plenary session, which started in mid-afternoon after the approval of the General State Budgets, the third parties of the legislature, and from which all the members of the Council of Ministers were absent. .

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The person in charge of the PSOE to defend the substitution of sedition for a crime of aggravated public disorder was Francisco Aranda, deputy of the PSC. In his speech, he reiterated the argument of the party and of Moncloa to start with this commitment to ERC. “Bet on dialogue, promote coexistence in Catalonia”he stressed.

The socialist leader also charged harshly against the main opposition party, which he accused of provoking a “political pack”, in reference to the campaign launched by the popular on social networks to put pressure on socialist parliamentarians. In his opinion, this action is only due to the PP’s discomfort with “the very existence of the Government”, whose legitimacy “denies” and “disgusts” him.

PSOE and Podemos arguments

Reproaches aside, Aranda indicated that “the reform proposes a new criminal wording” that seeks to make this crime similar to “European partners.” He also raised the suitability of replacing a “wording that responded to a nineteenth-century reality”.

More forceful was the other proponent of the rule, Jaume Asensfrom the confederal group of United We Can, which graphically detailed, in five points, the reasons for undertaking the penal change.

“It is a relic of the past, it is a constitutional anomaly, it does not conform to the standards of the countries around us, it is a threat to the right to protest and the right to demonstrate and it is an important step to take the conflict out of court in Catalonia”summed up the purple leader.

From the outset, the Popular Party interpreted this legal reform as a core chapter in its opposition work. Hence, the person chosen to represent the party in the debate was Cuca Gamarra, number two of Feijóo. With the bench of the popular standing, the also spokesperson for the group in the Lower House warned the Government: “Spain is not going to forget.” Before, she described the norm as “a payment to the Catalan independence movement”.

Criticism of PP, Vox and Ciudadanos

If Asens gave five reasons, the popular leader did the same with “five deceptions.” Among other things, he denied the homologation with Europe that the Government defends, criticized that the norm has been freed from the verdict of the State institutions, and clarified that “the antiquity of the crime” is not nineteenth-century, since the Penal Code was updated in 1995 with the Government of Philip Gonzalez.

In a clear appeal to the deputies of the PSOE, Gamarra asserted: “They are allowing themselves to take advantage of the springs of the Rule of Law so that democracy is emptied. They have become a vehicle at the service of the independence movement.” In addition, he said that the reform is “the dismantling stone by stone of the Rule of Law”.

Along these lines, the leader of Ciudadanos, Ines Arrimadaswho denounced “a blow to the Criminal Code to bring Puigdemont through the front door”, and the vice president of Vox, Javier Ortega Smith, “It’s time to check out the coup plotters,” he said.

The Lower House also debated and approved the legislative initiative that includes taxes on banks and energy companies and the solidarity tax on large fortunes, the latter included in the bill as an amendment.

Both the banking tax and the energy tax have undergone changes since their original conception due to their passage through Congress. In the case of energy companies, the PNV (which is the one that presented the corresponding amendments) has managed to moderate their impact.

Collection of liens

So much so that the collection foreseen by him has been left in half: 2,000 million euros (the Government’s objective was to achieve 4,000 million during its application). This has been after the approval that, within the framework of this rate, what corresponds to regulated activities is excluded from the net amount of the turnover (which is why it is taxed) and that it is applied only to the activity that companies develop in Spain.

On the other hand, the banking tax has been tightened by including foreign entities that operate in Spain. Also in the process of amendments, clauses have been introduced to review their temporary condition (their collection is only scheduled for 2023 and 2024) and to consider making them permanent when their validity ends.

This clause was already included in what is known as the ‘tax on the rich’, that of great fortunes. This controversial tax is designed in order to “reduce the differences in the tax on wealth in the different autonomous communities.”

This is summed up in that it annuls, to a large extent, the 100% bonuses that this tribute has in Madrid, Andalusia and Murcia. The objective with this tax figure is to obtain income of 1,200 million euros per year for the State in both 2023 and 2024.

In any case, the judicial battle in the three tributes is going to be fierce. It is expected that both the banks and the energy companies will appeal the application of the taxes, something that will also do ‘harmed’ communities such as Madrid.

Source: Elespanol

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J. A. Allen

Author, blogger, freelance writer. Hater of spiders. Drinker of wine. Mother of hellions.

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