21 Nov 2022 16:24 GMT
All of them have been held for three and a half years in prison camps in Syria and Iraq.
The Government of Spain has agreed to repatriate four women, wives and widows of Islamic State jihadists, and the 16 children in their care, between the ages of 15 and 3. According to reports El País, all of them have been held for three and a half years in prison camps in Syria and Iraq. In fact, the youngest of the little ones was born there.
The four women are Luna Fernández, Yolanda Martínez, Lubna Miludi and Loubna Fares. The first two are in the al roj syrian camp, near the border with Turkey. The third is in the iraqi al hol camp, while the fourth has been missing since she escaped from this last detention center, in February 2020, with her three children. Fernández, Martínez and Miludi are Spanish, while Fares, of Moroccan origin, is the widow of a Spaniard.
Both Al Roj and Al Hol were empowered to detain relatives of Islamic State fighters as the terrorist organization gradually lost territories under its control in Syria and Iraq. Hundreds of women and children remain captive in them indefinitely.
The situation of these women was in a kind of limbo, while the countries carried out extensive negotiations to determine if they should be extradited to their places of origin, where it was feared a radicalization of their social environments.
Wives of members of the Al Andalus brigade
Yolanda Martínez and Luna Fernández were married to two members of the Al Andalus brigade, a cell dedicated to recruit fighters in Spain to send them to the front in Syria and Iraq. The two went to Syria with their husbands before the group was disbanded.
Both converted to Islam and traveled to the Persian country in 2014 after suffering a radicalization process. They claim that they were deceived by their husbands and that they thought that their destination was going to be Turkey. They even maintain that their partners could also have been deceived.
However, police sources believe that the two could have had positions of responsibility in the terrorist organization and that they could have come to fight. Just between the two of them, they have 13 minors in their care.
When these women arrive in Spain they will be tried by the National Court, the Spanish court specializing in terrorism. In the case of Fernández and Martínez, the two best-known cases, both have an international arrest warrant against them.
If their ties to the jihadist brigade Al Andalus are proven, they could be sentenced to up to five years in prison. Justice will also have to decide on the fate of the 16 minors and whether to maintain or withdraw custody of the mothers.