There is no question that one is not limited to air operations, “a decision must be made on how many forces from the ground forces have to participate, and then steps are taken,” Erdogan said, according to the state news agency Anadolu on Monday. Meanwhile, Turkey reported several deaths from rocket fire from Syria.
The Turkish Ministry of Defense tweeted that it would continue to be “settled”. Turkey took action against the YPG and the banned Kurdish Workers’ Party PKK on Sunday night with numerous airstrikes in northern Iraq and northern Syria. At least 35 people were killed, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported. Kurdish militias had announced retaliation. On Sunday and Monday, Turkey reported shelling with dead and injured on the border with Syria.
“Turkey doesn’t need a permit”
Erdogan said the offensive was not discussed in advance with either the US or Russia, and Turkey does not need to seek permission. Moscow and Washington had previously warned Ankara against an offensive in northern Syria. Erdogan had already announced such an offensive in the middle of the year. Russia is supporting government troops in the Syrian civil war, and the United States sees the YPG as a partner in the fight against the terrorist militia “Islamic State” (IS).
The Turkish government linked its airstrikes to an attack on Istanbul’s Istiklal shopping street a week ago on Sunday. She sees the YPG and PKK as masterminds behind the attack, both of whom had rejected it. The investigations in Turkey are still ongoing. The Turkish government classifies the YPG and PKK as terrorist organizations.
more on the subject
Turkey’s Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu said Monday that the country was under fire from Syria. Three people were killed and six injured in the province of Gaziantep, Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu said on Monday. The governor of Gaziantep blamed the Syrian Kurdish militia YPG for the shelling. Kurdish activists and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported exchanges of gunfire with Kurdish militias and heavy Turkish shelling in rural northern Aleppo region and in Kobane.
Turkey’s Karkamis provincial governor said five rockets had been fired at Turkey’s border region. Two people were killed and six people injured. The broadcaster CNN Türk reported that the rockets came from the Kobane region, which is controlled by the Kurdish militia YPG. The rockets hit a school, two houses and a truck.
Germany urges restraint
Meanwhile, the German government called on Turkey to exercise restraint in its airstrikes against Kurdish positions. “We call on Turkey to react proportionately and to respect international law,” said Foreign Office spokesman Christofer Burger on Monday in Berlin. Turkey and all other parties involved should “do nothing that would further aggravate the already tense situation in northern Syria and Iraq.”
In particular, respect for international law means that civilians must be protected at all times, Burger said. “The reports of possible civilian casualties from these Turkish airstrikes are extremely worrying.” Referring to Article 51 of the UN Charter, the speaker also made it clear: “The right to self-defense does not include a right to retaliation.” The President of the European Parliament, Roberta Metsola, also called on Turkey to exercise restraint and respect international rights in Strasbourg that evening.
Iraq condemned the attacks on Kurdish areas. The country must not be an arena for conflicts and “settlements” by external forces, the Foreign Ministry said in a statement.
decision on the plane
Erdogan apparently made the decision to launch Turkey’s fifth Syria offensive on the plane. According to the President’s Office, he signed the order on the way back from the G-20 summit in Bali, where he met US President Joe Biden, among others. You don’t need anyone’s consent, Erdogan said on Monday. The US and Russia had previously advised Ankara against another offensive in Syria. However, it seems unlikely to some experts that this took place without their knowledge. Both control parts of Syrian airspace.
Russia is supporting government troops in the Syrian civil war, and the United States sees the YPG as a partner in the fight against the terrorist militia “Islamic State” (IS). Adar sees the Turkish approach as a continuation of “the war policy and war economy” that have ensured the political survival of the Turkish leadership since 2015.
In 2015, a series of attacks that left many dead shook the country. Looking at the polls, the ruling AKP under Erdogan as prime minister was able to take advantage of the situation at the time. At that time, she was able to regain a majority that she had lost shortly before.