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The lack of progress to cut the gas emission greenhouse effect can cause an increase in the temperature of the Land of 2.8 degrees Celsius by the end of the century compared to the pre-industrial era, unless current climate policies are strengthened, warned the United Nations Organization (UN).

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The UN warned that it is still well below the objectives of the Paris Agreement (2015) -which seeks to limit the rise in temperature to less than 2 degrees and, ideally, to 1.5- and has not traced a “credible path” to reach that goal.

The Program of the UN for the Environment (UNEP) gave that warning in the thirteenth edition of its “Emissions Gap Report” of 2022, which it published before the ten-day start in Egypt of the UNEP Conference. UN on Climate Change (COP27), the main political forum to face the climate crisis.

The study, titled this year “Time is running out: the climate crisis requires a rapid transformation of societies”, compares the real reductions in greenhouse gases with those that are needed in the fight against global warming.

“This report tells us in cold scientific terms what nature has been telling us all year through deadly floods, storms and raging fires: We need to stop filling our atmosphere with greenhouse gases, and stop doing it fast.” said the executive director of UNEP (based in Nairobi), Inger Andersen, in a statement.

Despite the fact that the countries decided at the 2021 climate summit (COP26) in Glasgow (United Kingdom) to strengthen their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) -which include emissions expected by each nation and mitigation measures-, progress has been “woefully inadequate,” according to UNEP.

G20 works to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions

The NDCs presented since COP26 cover only 0.5 gigatons of carbon dioxide equivalent (a measure whose acronym is GtCO2e and which serves to quantify the mass of greenhouse gases based on their warming potential).

That figure represents less than one percent of projected global emissions in 2030.

If all the NDCs -new and updated- sent between January 1, 2020 and September 23, 2022 are counted, the calculation shows 166 countries (91% of greenhouse gas emissions), compared to the 152 counted until COP26.

Most of the G20 members have just started to implement efforts to reach their new goals.

However, UNEP estimates that the G20, collectively, will not fulfill its promises by 2030 “without reinforced action”.

“This lack of progress – he underlines – leaves the world on track for a temperature increase well above the goal of the Paris agreement.”

“The policies currently in force, without further strengthening, suggest a rise of 2.8 degrees” in the earth’s temperature, warns the UN body.

It is urgent to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement

To meet the Paris goals, the world needs to reduce greenhouse gases at “unprecedented levels in the next eight years.”

In order to keep global warming to 1.5 degrees, emissions need to be reduced by 45% above current policies by 2030, and for the 2 degree target, a 30% cut is needed.

Such large declines require, according to the report, a “large-scale, rapid, systemic transformation across the planet” that will help avert a “climate disaster.”

“Reforming the world economy and almost halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 is a difficult task, and some would say impossible, but we must try,” Andersen urged.

The transformation towards “net zero greenhouse gas emissions” in electricity supply, industry, transport and buildings is underway, but “needs to move much faster”.

Food systems, which account for a third of all emissions, can be reformed to achieve “fast and lasting cuts.”

“The financial system must overcome internal and external limitations to become a facilitator of transformation in all sectors”, emphasizes UNEP.

A global transformation to a low-carbon economy requires investments of at least four to six trillion dollars a year, which represents a “relatively small” part (between 1.5% and 2%) of financial assets totals.

“We had the opportunity to make incremental changes, but that time has passed. Only a radical transformation of our economies and societies can save us from an accelerating climate disaster”, settled Andersen.

With information from EFE



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J. A. Allen

Author, blogger, freelance writer. Hater of spiders. Drinker of wine. Mother of hellions.

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