Return of ATT: The resurrection of the hero of March 26, 1991

This Thursday, September 22, 2022 marks the 62nd anniversary of the proclamation of the independence of the Republic of Mali under the aegis of the late President Modibo Keita. This anniversary, which should have been a great moment of national pride, comes, alas, in a context of disintegration which feeds pessimism.

During the first eight years of its advent (1960-1968) the new State had raised real hopes as to “the construction of a modern, decolonized economy, geared towards satisfying the basic needs of the population.” His resolute anti-imperialist option, his unfailing commitment to the total liberation of Africa from the colonial yoke, his unreserved pan-Africanist orientation will earn him an indisputable international reputation. This promising building will however be swept away by the villainous, anti-patriotic and anti-progressive coup d’etat of a squad of junior officers led by a certain lieutenant Moussa Traoré of sad memory. The first military dictatorship (1968-1978) then military-civilian (1979-1991) which took hold, offered no other alternative than a mixture of oppression, misery, renunciation of any ambition for development. for the country and well-being for the Malians, reduced to suffering or going into exile. The “democratic era” that will follow will prove powerless to meet the immense expectations placed on it, undermined both by an irrepressible social demand, the recurrent secessionist tendencies in the Adrar des Ifoghas, the internal political struggles for the power, corruption erected into a mode of management. And, finally, mistakes and compromises in the management of security threats. All things that will lead to military pronunciamentos in 2012 and 2018.

As a result of this huge mess, the Mali of today is only the shadow of that of its founding father, himself assassinated, probably by poisoning, on May 16, 1977, at the Djicoroni parachute commando camp, in the ninth year of his detention without trial. It is threatened with partition in its north for lack of progress in the implementation of the agreement for peace and reconciliation of June 15, 2015, worse because of the option taken by the authorities of the Transition in the course of ” re-read” this agreement. According to MINUSMA’s quarterly report dated last June, “the presence of State authorities has fallen to 10% in the northern regions and 21% in the central regions”, i.e. an average of 15% in these two areas. cumulated representing 3/4 of the national territory. In the central part, an increasing number of localities have come under the control of jihadist groups in recent weeks following agreements imposed by the massacres and devastations on the populations, the State no longer ensuring its sovereign function of protection.

Like the crayfish, the economy is going backwards, for lack of internal and external investment. The resulting unemployment spreads its tentacles over a distraught and disillusioned youth. Poverty, the thing best shared for a long time in Mali, is gaining layers hitherto spared. Discontent swells within the populations and discontent rises within the unions.

To worsen an already deleterious situation, the so-called “49 Ivorian soldiers arrested for mercenary” affair has soured relations with Côte d’Ivoire, Mali’s leading trading partner and created an additional source of discord in the ECOWAS region which would gladly do without.

In this context heavily laden with threats, disillusionment and uncertainties, the refoundation of the State, the historic mission that the Transition has assigned itself, as much out of necessity as to give itself legitimacy, appears as an unachievable challenge in the future. predictable.

Saouti L HAIDARA

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Source: Maliweb

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J. A. Allen

Author, blogger, freelance writer. Hater of spiders. Drinker of wine. Mother of hellions.

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