Last year, around 23.6% of self-employed workers aged 18 and over in the European Union (EU) were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. According to a Eurostat report, this represents a quarter of all European self-employed workers.
Romania (70.8%), Portugal (32.4%) and Estonia (32.2%) are the countries that, in 2021 and at the national level, presented the highest percentages. As Romania registered the biggest rise from 2020 to 2021: 5.1 percentage points. Portugal increased by two percentage points from one year to the next.
At the other end, and looking at the Eurostat chart, this same indicator has improved in at least 11 European Union countries, with Ireland and Hungary registering the biggest decrease from 2020 to 2021: -3.2 and -3.7 percentage points, respectively.
Comparing these numbers with those of 2020 and looking at the activity situation, the self-employed were the only group to register a deterioration in the poverty situation, from 22.6% to 23.6%.
In the opposite direction are the unemployed, employed and pensioners. From 2020 to 2021, the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rates decreased in these three groups by 1.6, 0.3 and 0.6, respectively.