A hostage is a Person who is seized and used as a means of pressure against someone, a State, to get them to give in to demands.
The law punishes the taking of hostages with time or life imprisonment.
The taking of hostages and their execution are expressly prohibited by several international conventions.
The taking of hostages can take place for political motives. It then tries to put pressure on the political authorities of a country for various reasons, such as, for example, obtaining the recognition of an armed opposition movement, the release of detainees belonging to this movement, etc.
It can also intervene in a more economic context and have the objective of paying a ransom. On a large scale, it then becomes a veritable industry intended to finance the activities of hostage takers.
The taking of hostages can take place in times of conflict or in times of peace or internal disturbances and tensions.
The taking of hostages in an international or internal armed conflict is assimilated to a war crime by the statute of the International Criminal Court adopted on July 17, 1998 in Rome (art. 8.2. a. Viii and 8.2.c.iii of the statute of the ICC) and entered into force on July 1, 2002. Hostage takers can therefore, under certain conditions, be tried by the ICC, or by international tribunals.
Comments via Facebook: