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19 Sep 2022 18:11 GMT

Among the recovered objects, an extremely rare stone-carved idol stands out, as well as dozens of gold pieces and fragments of Greek pottery.

A team of archaeologists discovered under the remains of a Byzantine church in the city of Ochamchira, in Abkhazia, a sanctuary of the colchis culture from the end of sixth century or principles of IV BC., reported recently the Russian Academy of Sciences.

As detailed by the agency, in the 1980s the remains of a Byzantine temple were found in a fortification located on the Gienos hill. By exploring the underlying strata, the researchers discovered the ancient sanctuary under the southwest corner of the main nave.

Among the objects recovered are a idol carved in stone extremely rare, the second of its kind discovered in the Caucasus region; more of 30 objects gold, some of which was used to decorate the textiles that adorned the site; large number of fragments of Attic and Ionian pottery, as well as statuettes of ancient Egyptian and Greek deities.

Similarly, in the immediate vicinity of the sanctuary, archaeologists unearthed a number of traces of wooden residential buildings. So far, scholars have tentatively dated these items to the “pre-ancient” period (8th to 5th centuries BC). However, these estimates should be confirmed for other studies.

For archaeologists, the materials from the excavations show the strong influence of the Greek civilization in the Colchian culture, and its relations with other contemporary peoples who settled in the Caucasus, particularly with the Koban.

According to experts, the first references to the city of Gienos and the Colchides are found in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, a work dated between the 4th century and the beginning of the 3rd century BC, which describes the circumnavigation around the Mediterranean Sea, including the Black Sea and the coasts from Africa.

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Source: Actualidad

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J. A. Allen

Author, blogger, freelance writer. Hater of spiders. Drinker of wine. Mother of hellions.

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