A small change in Jupiter's orbit could make the frozen parts of Earth habitable

Scientists from the University of California at Riverside They determined that a change in orbit the largest planet in the solar system, Jupiterwill not have a negative impact, as was believed, on the suitability of planet Earth for the development of human life, but rather could make some areas that are currently frozen habitable.

According to research published in the journal Astronomical JournalIf Jupiter changes orbit slightly, becoming more eccentric, it could also transform the shape of Earth’s orbit, bringing parts of our blue planet closer to the Sun. That would mean fewer uninhabitable ice-covered regions..

To reach this conclusion, the research team, led by planetary scientist Pam Vervortdeveloped a data model of the solar system as it is known today, and compared it with another where the orbit of Jupiter was slightly altered.

In his own words, Vervoot explained the essay as follows: “If Jupiter’s position stayed the same, but the shape of its orbit changed, it could increase the habitability of this planet”. This, she noted, could change the way we think about exploring distant planets in search of new habitable zones.

Photo: The Astronomical Journal

“Many are convinced that Earth is the ideal of a habitable planet and that any change in Jupiter’s orbit, massive planet that it is, could only be bad for Earth. We show that both assumptions are wrong,” added the scientist.

Change in the search for a habitable planet

When looking for a habitable planet, the first thing that is weighed is the distance between a star and a planet to see if there are enough energy for there to be liquid water on the planet’s surface. However, research argues that this premise does not take into account “the seasonal variations that a planet might experience”.

The authors say that the search should focus on those planets that have the potential to maintain habitable conditions for the long periods of time necessary for the appearance and expansion of life. That is, pay more attention to degree to which a planet is leaning toward or away from the star, which helps determine the amount of rays certain areas receive.

Seeing how small changes in Jupiter’s position and orbit cause dramatic changes on Earth, the researchers are planning to develop methods that help them estimate factors beyond the orbit, such as measuring the planet’s mass and determining its tilt.

Source: Pagina12

Disclaimer: If you need to update/edit/remove this news or article then please contact our support team Learn more

Varun Kumar

Varun Kumar is a freelance writer working on news website. He contributes to Our Blog and more. Wise also works in higher ed sustainability and previously in stream restoration. He loves running, trees and hanging out with her family.

Leave a Reply