You are currently viewing How does an air conditioning system work?

You probably have an air conditioner in your home, we are going to explain how this equipment works so that you know what is happening when you turn it on.

It’s summer, it’s hot and air conditioners have become the best friends of many families. Taking this situation into account, it is more than likely that at some point in your life you have wondered about the operation of this equipment designed to cool homes in the summer.

If you have wondered how an air conditioning system works, these lines will interest you. We are going to see its operation in detail so that you do not have the slightest doubt when it comes to turning on this equipment in your home. The first thing to make clear is that air conditioning systems extract heat from the cabins using refrigerant gases in a refrigeration cycle..

Starting from this base we have new concepts which we are going to explain little by little. The cabins are the rooms in which these air conditioners are installed and, although the normal thing is to only see the equipment installed inside, it is linked to the outdoor unit and a thermostat.

The outdoor unit is the one that houses the compressor and the condenser where the refrigerant gas changes from a gaseous state to a liquid state and, in addition, there is a valve that is used as an escape route for hot air to the outside. Now we are going to see the states through which the air conditioner passes.

When turning on the air conditioning in a room, what happens is that all the hot air is absorbed and passes to the refrigeration pipes, which circulate the refrigerant liquid, when doing this the air inside the room is cooled by contact and when it is already cold it is returned to the room to cool it.

What about the coolant? It continues on its way to the cooler tubes, turning into gas, and what it does is continue to collect the heat that is still inside the circuit and whose destination is to go to the outdoor unit where this heat will be expelled to the outside thanks to the fact that the liquid changes from its gaseous to liquid state.

The cycle constantly reproduces what makes an air conditioner work and cool the different rooms, expelling the heat to the outside through the external unit. In short, the exchange of heat between the hot air and the coolant is responsible for everything, in addition, the change of state of this liquid helps to extract heat from the air.


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Tarun Kumar

Tarun Kumar has worked in the News sector for 05 years and is currently the Owner and Editor of Then24. He reside in Delhi, India with his Family.

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