Indiana has become this Friday the first of the 50 US states to pass a law to restrict access to abortion after the Supreme Court overturned the 1973 ruling, known as “Roe versus Wade” and that protected that right to federal level.
The initiative was approved on Friday by both Houses of the state parliament and was signed shortly after by the governor of Indiana, the Republican Eric Holcombwho proclaimed it as law.
The law is scheduled to take effect on September 15. At that time, Indiana will join nine other US states with laws that almost completely ban abortion, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which does research on reproductive rights.
[Quiénes fueron Roe y Wade y otras claves del debate legal sobre el aborto]
The initiative was rejected en bloc by the Democrats of the two chambers of the state parliament but could be approved because the Republicans have a majority in Indiana, a state in the Midwest of the United States and where 72% of the population is Christian, according to data. of the Pew Center.
Republicans in Indiana had been working on this bill for weeks, but they were divided: a majority wanted to completely ban abortion while a minority believed that some exceptions should be established in the case of rape or incest.
Finally, exceptions were included for violation, incest and also in case the fetus has abnormalities that make their survival impossible, or the life of the mother is in dangeras reported Eph.
Until now, abortion was legal in Indiana up to 22 weeks gestation.
[Kansas, el estado conservador que se ha convertido en un “refugio” para el aborto en EEUU]
In late June, the conservative-majority Supreme Court reversed the “Roe versus Wade” ruling, ending federal protections for abortion and giving states permission to set their own rules.
This has caused some states to begin implementing the so-called “zombie laws” that had been proclaimed before the Supreme Court guaranteed the right to abortion in 1973, while other states have activated “spring laws” so called because they were designed to come into force just as the right to abortion was repealed.
Until now, no state had approved a new legislative project to restrict abortion: Indiana is the first.
That decision comes after voters in the state of Kansas voted overwhelmingly in a referendum this week in favor of keeping abortion rights intact as currently regulated in the state Constitution, in a resounding defeat for voters. conservatives.
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