The new Taiwan Strait crisis, explained in five graphs

The new Taiwan Strait crisis, explained in five graphs

After the visit of the American Nancy Pelosi to Taiwan, Beijing has carried out numerous military exercises in retaliation for what it considers a deviation from the “one China” principle.


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Last Tuesday, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosiarrived in Taipei in what has been a historic visit due to the enormous commotion that has caused. Beijing had already warned Washington not to “play with fire” with taiwanand that, if Pelosi arrived on the island, her army “would not stand idly by.”

The irritation of China with Pelosi’s trip is that this is the second in the line of succession for the presidency of the USA, only behind the vice president, Kamala Harris. Beijing has accused the US of emptying the “one China” policy of meaning and of ignoring its commitments to maintain only unofficial contacts. On the other hand, he has criticized the fact that the Americans continue to increase their arms sales to what they consider to be a “rogue province”.

In addition, the Chinese leader, Xi Jinping, who will face the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party in the fall to revalidate a third term as head of it, needs to send the message to Joe Biden that intensifying his ties with Taiwan will have consequences. Of AH, the military maneuvers of these days.

The situation is delicate. The Taiwanese question already provoked three crises in the 20th century that, on two occasions, could end in a nuclear conflict. Likewise, the ambitions of the Asian giant in the Pacific and the South China Sea are anathema to Washington, which seeks to ‘contain’ Beijing at all costs and reaffirm its presence in the region.


Font: BBC, Gerald C Brown (compilations based on data from the Taiwan Ministry of National Defense),, Stockholm International Peace Research InstituteMinistry of Foreign Affairs of Taiwan and own calculations.

Drafting: Mario Garcia and Alberto Hernndez.

Infographic: Alberto Hernandez.

art direction: Maria Gonzlez Manteca.


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