Although the concept of a trench is frequently used for war conflicts, and is understood as a furrow that soldiers make in the ground in order to protect themselves from enemy attacks, it is also a point of defense that delimits the battle front, it is say, behind her is still safe territory.
And it is in this area that I want to refer in this column to the concept of trench. Our beloved south is the natural trench in the country in the fight against climate change, given that a large part of the territory has been recognized as a vulnerable area (Hotspot), in terms of biodiversity conservation, due to environmental changes. These refer to areas with a large number of endemic plants and vertebrates in which the natural habitat (primary vegetation) can be strongly impacted by the global phenomenon.
In Chile there are two of a total of 34 biodiversity hotspots worldwide: one of them is located in Mediterranean and temperate climate zones (Chilean winter-Valdivian rain forests) and the other corresponds to a portion of the hotspot of the Tropical Andes. According to data from the Ministry of the Environment in 2020, at least 17% of the land and continental water areas and 10% of the marine and coastal areas of the country, especially those of particular importance for biological diversity and ecosystems, are preserved through systems of protected areas, managed effectively and equitably, that are integrated into the broader landscapes and seascapes.
The advances are insufficient and the challenge that we have imposed ourselves from the Lakes and Volcanoes Route (RLV) is to work in an articulated way, between public and private entities, to promote tourism through good practices, such as sustainable tourism, preservation of the environment , development of sustainable innovations, among other things.
One of these initiatives that has been promoted by the RLV in recent times is the Destination Saturation Index, a tool that is called to become public policy, which measures the level of saturation in tourist areas, where the care of the environment and the local quality of life may be endangered as a result of the increase in tourists. The initiative is already being implemented in the Los Ríos Region (Siete Lagos) and given the consistency of its results and the acceptance of the community, work is being done to apply this same index in Los Lagos (Lake Llanquihue) and La Araucanía (Araucanía Lacustre ), where a work table has already been created between the municipalities and related public services.
The call is to take care of our ecosystem and defend it at all times. For our part, we will be inside the trench seeking to promote policies and projects that preserve the south of Chile.