A little over a month before the plebiscite takes place on September 4, Corporación Humanas, together with Nothing Without Us, the Center for Women’s Studies and the Gender and Equity Observatory, delivered the Second National Opinion and Perception of Women about the constituent process.
The study was developed through a telephone survey of a total of 1,250 women over 18 years of age with different levels of education between June 28 and July 12, 2022, in which they were asked various questions about various topics that deals with the draft of the new Fundamental Charter.
Specifically, it found that 56.4% of women estimated that the proposal will improve the situation of women, followed by 27% who considered that things will remain the same and 7% who believe it will get worse.
It should be remembered that the same survey carried out in October 2021 indicated that 53.8% of those surveyed considered that the new charter would have a great impact on advancing women’s rights.
However, in relation to the exit plebiscite, the options between Approval and Rejection of the new constitution are tied, highlighting, in addition, that a third of those surveyed have not yet decided their vote.
In this way, 31% of women indicated that they will approve the new constitution, 31% will reject it and 32% still do not have a clear choice.
Women between 18 and 30 years old are the ones that express greater predisposition to approve the constitutional proposal, while rejection presents its highest percentage in women in the age group between 46 and 60 years. Between 35 and 45 years old they say they are more undecided in their vote and have not yet made the decision (35%), the same situation for women aged 61 and over (34%).
Among the reasons for voting I approve, there are three answers that are mentioned by the women surveyed: because it is a Constitution written in democracy (75%), because it recognizes the rights of women (72%) and social rights (71%).
When asking the reasons for opting for the rejection option, the largest number of responses focuses mainly on two reasons: Because it was written without reaching agreements with all political sectors (53%) and because they consider that this constitution will generate more conflicts and disunity in Chilean society (53%). In third place and with 49%, women declare that they believe that this proposed constitution will not respect private property if it is approved.
The respondents also highlight and positively assess the parity integration of the convention, a composition that, according to the respondents, not only allowed the incorporation of important issues for women in the draft (20.3%), but also would have contributed to improving the contents of the convention. the constitutional proposal in general (49.7%).
Meanwhile, regarding the specific contents of the constitutional proposal, 82% said they strongly agree that everyone will have the right to social security and will be protected in case of old age, illness, disability, unemployment, maternity and paternity. Meanwhile, further down, 59% stated that they strongly agree with the State organizing itself territorially into autonomous regions.
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