The Radisson Collection hotel (Ex-Sheraton) hosted, on Monday, August 1, 2022, the opening ceremony of the decision-making meeting of the Parties to the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers process, on certain aspects of the implementation of the Agreement. This 5-day high-level meeting is organized by the Ministry of Reconciliation, Peace and National Cohesion, in charge of the Agreement, in partnership with the German Cooperation, GIZ. One of the objectives of this meeting is to expedite the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers process through the acceleration of the DDR process (Disarmament-Demobilization-Reintegration) ex-combatants.
The opening ceremony of this meeting was chaired by the Prime Minister, Dr. Choguel Kokalla MAÏGA, in the presence of other members of the government, including the Minister of Reconciliation, Peace and National Cohesion, in charge of the Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation, Colonel-Major Ismaël WAGUE; the leader of international mediation, El Haoues RIACHE; the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Mali and head of MINUSMA, El Gassim WANE; representatives of the signatory movements of the agreement and other personalities. In his words of welcome, the mayor of commune IV in the district of Bamako, Adama BERTHE, indicated that this meeting aims to speed up the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers process. Following him, the Minister of Reconciliation, Peace and National Cohesion, in charge of the Agreement for Peace and National Reconciliation, Colonel-Major Ismaël WAGUE, indicated that this meeting should mark a decisive step in the implementation process of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers process. According to him, the present meeting essentially aims to create the necessary conditions to begin the overall DDR and agree on political and institutional reforms unrelated to the constitutional revision. “To do this, we will proceed with discussions relating to the distribution of quotas, the integration of ex-combatants into the constituted bodies of the State, including within the armed and security forces, the mechanism for managing the case of senior civil and military leaders of the movements and finally, to agree on political and institutional reforms not linked to the constitutional revision”, specified the Minister. Finally, he invited everyone to work towards the achievement of the objectives, namely the effective success of the DDR process and the political and institutional reforms. Representatives of armed movements such as Attaye Ag Mohamed from the CMA (Coordination des Mouvements de l’Azawad), Mohamed Ould Mataly from the Platform all advocated peace in Mali.
“The transition offers a unique opportunity to complete the implementation of the Agreement”
For his part, the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Mali and head of MINUSMA, El Gassim WANE, pointed out that Mali faces enormous and multiple challenges, in a volatile regional security environment. “The Transition offers a unique opportunity to complete the implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement, which, it should be remembered, is also part of the ongoing process of rebuilding the Malian State. Everything must be done to consolidate this dynamic,” he said. He stressed that support for the implementation of the Peace Agreement is one of the strategic priorities of MINUSMA.
As for the Ambassador of Algeria in Mali, El Haoues RIACHE, leader of the International Mediation and of the Monitoring Committee of the Agreement (CSA), this meeting is of great importance for the continuation of the implementation process. of the Peace Agreement. “This meeting is also being held at a time when progress has been announced by the Malian authorities in their fight against terrorism throughout the territory. These advances will undoubtedly contribute to re-establishing and restoring the security so necessary for the implementation of the reforms undertaken. The Malian Parties that are signatories to the Peace Agreement therefore now have the possibility of exploiting these opportunities to create synergies that are also favorable to the implementation of this Agreement, which remains the key to the return of peace and stability to north of their country,” he said. According to the Algerian diplomat, this meeting thus puts an end to distrust and suspicion. “This meeting is also a strong reaffirmation of the Parties’ commitment to the Peace Agreement. We therefore hope that it will trigger, in the weeks and months to come, an acceleration of the process of implementing this agreement and its integration into the overall dynamic of rebuilding the country’s institutions. In the opinion of the international mediation, it is urgent to achieve an acceleration of the process of implementing the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation, which remains the cornerstone for the return of peace, security and stability while respecting the territorial integrity, national unity and sovereignty of this great country. The international mediation seizes this happy opportunity to renew its full support for the achievement of this noble objective”, declared El Haoues RIACHE.
According to the Prime Minister, Dr. Choguel Kokalla Maïga, Head of Government, the security and socio-economic challenges, the weakening of local leadership constitute major handicaps in the construction of social peace and local development, and dangerously threaten the existence of the Mali as a state. “Faced with this critical situation, the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, resulting from the Algiers process, constitutes one of the orientations of the Roadmap for the Transition, as well as of the action of the Government (PAG) 2021-2022, which revolves around the following major strategic axes: the strengthening of security throughout the national territory; political and institutional reforms; the organization of general elections; the promotion of good governance and the adoption of a social stability pact,” he said. According to him, the Prime Minister instructed the Security Sector Reform Commission (C-RSS) to hold interministerial meetings to release the quota to be granted to the Movements, while taking into account the sustainability of the operation and the absorption capacities of the services involved in the integration. “Today, determined to respond in a realistic and diligent manner to the commitments made, it is up to us to agree, consensually, to the acceptance of the offers of military and civilian quotas proposed by the government concerning the integration of ex-combatants into the corps made up of the State, including the Armed Security Forces; the continuation of the implementation of Political and Institutional Issues not related to the constitutional revision; the definition of the practical modalities for the management of the case of senior civilian and military leaders of the movements”, he said. According to him, the operationalization of these various measures contributes greatly to the strengthening of confidence between the parties to the Agreement. Furthermore, he emphasized respect for national unity and the sovereignty of Mali. “I am convinced that these five days of consultations will constitute for us a fertile space for expression and reflection allowing us to move forward on the various issues raised”, concluded Choguel K. Maïga.
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