Around noon this Saturday, July 9, 2022, the body of the former president of Mexico arrived, Luis Echeverria Alvarez, to Room 7 Premier of a funeral home west of the Mexico City.
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It will be this Sunday, July 10, 2022 at 08:00 a.m. when the funeral procession leaves for the Spanish Pantheon, where his remains will be cremated.
Some relatives and friends of the former president began to arrive at the funeral home to say goodbye.
Luis Echeverría Álvarez died on the night of Friday, July 8, at his home located in Cuernavaca, Morelos.
Who was Luis Echeverria Alvarez?
Luis Echeverría Álvarez was born on January 17, 1922, in Mexico City.
In 1945, he graduated in Law from UNAM.
His political career began when he was 22 years old, as private secretary to General Rodolfo Sánchez Taboada, president of the PRI.
He joined the presidential campaign of Adolfo Ruiz Cortines and later joined the SEP.
In the government of Adolfo López Mateos, he was undersecretary of the Interior when the secretary was Gustavo Díaz Ordaz.
Later he was the Secretary of the Interior, when Gustavo Díaz Ordaz was already the president.
On December 1, 1970, Luis Echeverría took office as President of the Republic. He ruled until 1976.
Echeverría Álvarez proposed the incorporation of members of the Movement of 68 to the government. Some, mainly university professors, accepted; others, especially young people, narrates the historian Enrique Krauze, opted for the guerrillas, kidnapping and assassinating businessmen and politicians, with which Mexico would experience a deaf and poorly documented chapter of the so-called “Dirty War.”
During the march of June 10, 1971, sequel to October 2, the so-called “Halconazo” would be carried out, a massacre of young demonstrators allegedly at the hands of the paramilitary group “Los Halcones”.
It was also during the six-year term of Luis Echeverría that Mexico stood out for the establishment of diplomatic relations with 31 countries, including China.
And diplomatic relations with the government of General Augusto Pinochet, of Chile, were terminated after the coup d’état. Upon Salvador Allende’s death, Luis Echeverría received Hortensia Bussi, Allende’s widow, and her family, along with a group of Chileans who went into exile in Mexico.
In the economic sphere, Luis Echeverría was accused of having tripled the foreign debt and inflation, of discouraging foreign investment and mismanaging the country’s economy that led to one of the biggest crises and devaluations of the peso.
He left Los Pinos on November 30, 1976.
Later he was Mexico’s ambassador to Australia, New Zealand, the Fiji Islands and to UNESCO.
Luis Echeverría was accused of having operated the massacre of 1968, as Secretary of the Interior, however, he reiterated on several occasions that former President Díaz Ordaz was responsible.
“He handled it personally, assuming his responsibility as Supreme Commander of the Army,” said Luis Echeverría Álvarez, when he was Secretary of the Interior.
Even Díaz Ordaz assumed historical responsibility in his penultimate government report.
“I fully assume personal, ethical, social, legal, political, and historical responsibility for the decisions of the government in relation to the events of the past year,” said Gustavo Díaz Ordaz on September 1, 1969.
Despite this, Luis Echeverría faced trial for genocide during the Vicente Fox administration. He has been the only former Mexican president to receive a formal prison order and remain under house arrest. He was acquitted in 2009.
He was married to María Esther Zuno Arce, with whom he had 8 children.
With information from N+ and Sarahí Méndez