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The earthquake of 5.9 degrees that shook the provinces of Paktika and Khost, in the east of Afghanistan and near the border with Pakistanit is the most serious by number of victims recorded in these two countries since 2005, when an earthquake left 55,000 dead in the Pakistani area.

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The most serious earthquakes in the last century in these countries were recorded in 1935 and 2005, both in Pakistan. The first, on May 30, 1935, caused between 30,000 and 60,000 deaths, most of them in the Pakistani city of Quetta and in the province of Baluchistan.

The second, in October 2005, shook the Kashmir region, border between India and Pakistan, and caused the death of 55,000 people and wounds to about 80,000 in the Pakistani area, and another 1,400 killed in India.

The chronological relationship of earthquakes most serious in Afghanistan and Pakistan in the last 30 years is the following:

January 31, 1991.- An earthquake of 6.8 degrees, with epicenter in the Hindukush mountain range, shook Afghanistan and Pakistan and caused around 1,200 dead, 800 of them in Afghanistan.

February 1998.- Two earthquakes, which occurred on February 4 and 6 in the Rustaq district, in northern Afghanistan, with an intensity of 5.9 and 6 degrees, respectively, caused the death of at least 4,000 people.

May 30, 1998.- A 7 degree tremor on the Richter scale plagues the north of Afghanistan again, particularly the province of Takhar, and causes around 5,000 dead.

March 3, 2002.- At least 70 dead and between 100 and 200 disappeared in a 7.2 degree Richter earthquake and the Chinese province of Xinjiang.

March 25, 2002.- Between 1,800 and 3,000 people die, nearly 4,000 are injured and 20,000 are left homeless as a result of an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.3 that shook northern Afghanistan, with its epicenter in the city of Nahrin. The province of Baglán was the most affected.

October 8, 2005.- Kashmir, border region between Pakistan and India, suffers a devastating earthquake that leaves about 55,000 dead and about 80,000 injured in the Pakistani area. The seismic movement, with an epicenter near the city of Muzaffrabad, which was destroyed, also caused at least 1,400 dead in India.

October 29, 2008.- About 150 people perish in a 6.2 earthquake registered in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan.

June 11, 2012.- Two earthquakes measuring 5.7 and 5.4, with an epicenter in the Hindukush mountain range, leave around 300 dead in the province of Baghlan, Afghanistan.

September 24, 2013.- Around 375 people die, although other sources raise the number to a thousand, in the province of Baluchistan, in Pakistan, as a result of a seism of 7.7 degrees, which mostly affected Awarán and Mashké, where they died 20 students when a school collapsed. After the earthquake, an island emerged, named Zalzala Koh, in the Arabian Sea.

October 26, 2015.- An earthquake of 7.5 in the northeast of Afghanistan, with an epicenter in Badakhshan, causes at least 400 dead in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

With information from EFE


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J. A. Allen

Author, blogger, freelance writer. Hater of spiders. Drinker of wine. Mother of hellions.