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The level of student performance in the Learn tests, taken in December 2021, shows a decrease in the learning process in the area of ​​language and a more stable statistical average in mathematics, the Ministry of Education of the Nation reported on Tuesday. . The variation in the process of “reading comprehension” and the levels of literacy -with respect to the samples carried out in 2016 and 2018–, define in this census sampling, carried out in the 24 provincial jurisdictions, this setback, Minister Jaime Perczyk pointed out to the present the results to the press on the first floor of the Ministry of Education.

These results are explained by “the two years of the pandemic, but also by the background” the minister highlighted, referring to the four years of recessive policies implemented during the macrismo, which affected “the social conditions of the boys,” he explained. Hence, among the decisions taken to reverse this trend, a greater distribution of books by students, a higher level of connectivity, and applying an increase in the days and hours of classes stand out. The entrance to the educational system in children of 3 and 4 years is also considered, to enhance their future performance.

The test, carried out in the area of ​​languages ​​and mathematics in sixth grade students of primary education, was taken by 623,558 students from 19,639 schools. Of these establishments, 61.03 percent correspond to urban schools and 38.97 percent to rural schools. Of the total, in addition, 81.04 percent are state-owned: 15,913 establishments. And 18.97 percent are private, that is: 3,725 schools. While the distinction by gender marks 43.45 percent of female students, 41.97 percent of males, and 14.49 percent who did not define a gender identity.

The results

The result of the Learn 2021 tests “measured the pandemic and its consequences,” Perczyk said, hence it shows “the problems arising from the pandemic,” he said. But it also carries important “background,” he asserted. In this sense, he highlighted that “we came from four years of lack of financing in the area, and also affects how the socioeconomic conditions” of families affect the learning process.

However, Perczyk emphasized the level of participation, which grew compared to previous samples. Both at the level of students -82.3 percent in 2021, against 78.7 in 2018 and 70.8 in 2016–, and with respect to educational establishments that reached 93.3 percent in 2021. Even though the educational community was going through a difficult end of the year “because of the return to attendance” after the health confinement, the high participation “is very satisfactory,” said the minister before the consultation of Page 12and thanked “especially the teachers and students who were involved” in the measurement.

This level of participation allowed collating and verifying results. Also develop public policies aimed at correcting the evidenced setbacks since, although in mathematics, the average score of the students shows a stable result with respect to the last two samples, the variation in language shows an evident unfavorable trend.

In language there is an increase in the “below basic” level and the “basic” level. Thus, 22.3 percent of the students did not reach the necessary base point, and the 21.7 percent who did reach the “basic level”, is behind the 17.6 of 2018. At the “satisfactory” level in in language performance, 33.6 percent of this sample is lower than the 39.9 in 2018. And at the “advanced” level of results, 22.4 percent is far behind the 35.4 in 2018.

Restore rights

Reversing this process will take a long time “because destroying is easy, but building takes a long time,” Minister Perczyk pointed out in presenting these results at the Ministry of Education. Along with Perczyk were the Secretary of Education Silvina Gvirtz, the Secretary of Evaluation and Educational Information Germán Lodola and the Secretary of the Federal Council of Education Héctor Mango, among other members of the ministerial cabinet.

In relation to the deterioration of reading comprehension, the minister was in charge of highlighting the incidence of the socioeconomic level of households, since this practice responds to group and family processes. There is an “educational level in families and especially in mothers”, which affects “reading comprehension” more than the result of mathematical operations, explained Lodola. To evaluate the “household economic index” of the students, a survey was carried out where the boys were asked, among other items, by the educational level of the parents and by the existence of certain assets that the family has. “Among them, the books,” Perczyk pointed out.

Hence, a series of public policies have been defined aimed at repairing the deterioration derived from the conditions of non-face-to-face education imposed by the coronavirus pandemic during 2019 and 2020, added to the socioeconomic retracement of the macrista administration. Among them, the need to “increase the days and hours of classes” is imposed. In addition, they highlighted the decision to bring educational materials: this implies both the delivery of books and the possibilities of connectivity. For this, an investment of more than six million pesos is already underway for the purchase and distribution of books. “Not only educational, but also literary texts that will be delivered to each student, to promote the presence of books in homes” explained Silvina Gvirtz.

Thus, in the face of results that are comparatively similar to those evaluated in CABA, where reading comprehension is in decline, the decision of the Nation’s educational portfolio is to “assume the problem and provide solutions from our government.” Without charging the students or teachers who in CABA now have to deal with the prohibition of inclusive language, Perczyck pointed out: “You have to buy more books and that students can take them home, you have to have more class hours and there are also to raise the floor of the age at which one enters the system”.

For this last point, the possibility of increasing the level of entry into the school environment for girls and boys aged 3 and 4 years is evaluated. “That they enter the educational system earlier, will allow a better performance in the future” synthesized the minister.

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Varun Kumar

Varun Kumar is a freelance writer working on news website. He contributes to Our Blog and more. Wise also works in higher ed sustainability and previously in stream restoration. He loves running, trees and hanging out with her family.