Training camps for the study of new methods of conducting highly maneuverable combat will start at the training grounds of the Eastern Military District. This was reported on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. In particular, the exercises will work out the interaction of sniper pairs with grenade launchers. This should significantly increase the effectiveness of hitting targets moving at high speed. As follows from the data of the military department, the Syrian operation played an important role in the introduction of new methods of conducting highly maneuverable combat. The experience gained in the Arab Republic was expressed in such tactics as the “Syrian rampart” and “roaming mortars”. According to experts, the use of highly maneuverable combat methods helps the Russian army to carry out tasks during a special operation in Ukraine.
In the Eastern Military District (VVO), training camps begin, during which military personnel will study new tactics of modern highly maneuverable combat. This was reported on the website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The exercises will be held with the participation of grenade launchers and snipers.
“In particular, grenade launchers will perform firing together with sniper pairs (shooters and observers-spotters. — RT), which significantly increases the effectiveness of hitting targets moving at high speed. Observation of the area will be carried out using modern stations and reconnaissance systems, ”the Russian military department said in a statement.
During the maneuvers, military personnel must detect, identify enemy targets and adjust fire on them. For strikes against targets, you will need to determine the distance to them and take into account weather conditions.
It is noted that the participants of the training camp will fire from different positions at targets located at different distances. Shooting will be carried out during the day and at night.
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“The practical shooting program includes elements based on the experience of conducting modern armed conflicts. Targets will be fired from RPG hand-held anti-tank grenade launchers and AGS Plamya automatic mounted grenade launchers.
In a RT commentary, military observer Alexander Khrolenko explained that the choice of grenade launchers and snipers is dictated by the characteristics of the modern theater of operations (TVD), where it is often necessary to deliver a quick and unexpected blow to the enemy.
“Well trained and equipped sniper pairs are able to decapitate an entire unit, destroying its command staff with well-aimed shots. However, the power of a rifle cartridge is sometimes not enough to destroy armored vehicles and manpower in shelters. Here, grenade launchers can just come to the rescue, ”said Khrolenko.
In an interview with RT, Dmitry Litovkin, editor of the Nezavisimoe Voennoye Obozreniye newspaper, also spoke about the prospect of strengthening sniper groups with grenade launchers. The expert is confident that such a formation fully meets the needs of modern highly maneuverable combat.
“The sniper, that is, the shooter with a rifle, will play the main role in this link. It is on him that the rest of the military personnel armed with grenade launchers or machine guns are working. If we talk specifically about grenade launchers, then to a greater extent they are needed to cover snipers, ”Litovkin explained.
As follows from the information of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, in recent years, various methods of modern highly maneuverable combat have been actively mastered in the Russian troops. Moreover, the new tactics are largely based on the experience gained in the Syrian operation.
According to Alexander Khrolenko, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation is primarily focused on the introduction of methods that make it possible to conduct dynamic combat operations.
“In a modern theater of operations, the situation can change instantly and dramatically. Therefore, the priority is the speed of movement of troops, the speed of reconnaissance and decision-making. The more fire and more maneuvers, the more effective the fighting will be. And Syria helped to realize this increased dynamics (of hostilities. – RT),” Khrolenko explained.
Servicemen of the RF Armed Forces on a buggy
© Mikhail Voskresensky
Colonel-General Alexander Zhuravlev, commander of the Western Military District, said earlier in an interview with the Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper that the Syrian campaign demonstrated that the militants achieved success largely due to the rapid concentration of forces and the increase in the density of fire impact on the enemy.
According to the military commander, mobile assault groups have shown themselves well in the Middle East. Such formations were created by militants for sudden attacks on settlements. In particular, with the support of armored vehicles, the jihadists used off-road vehicles with guns mounted on them.
In addition, the Syrian campaign has demonstrated the need for widespread use of drones, including strike type, electronic reconnaissance and electronic warfare (EW), close cooperation between motorized rifle and tank units with aviation, Zhuravlev noted.
At the same time, commanders in a modern theater require ingenuity, non-standard actions and the ability to mislead the enemy.
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“For this, they actively use such forms (of military operations. — RT), like detours, coverage, infiltration, a hidden exit to the line of transition to the attack, ”said Zhuravlev.
According to experts, it was the Syrian campaign that became the source of a number of new tactics. In particular, the Russian tank forces adopted the so-called “Syrian rampart” method.
Its essence lies in the fact that tanks at a distance of 20 to 100 m fire at the enemy through openings in an earthen or sandy parapet. Armored vehicles change embrasures, and it becomes difficult for the enemy to track their movement and numbers. In addition, the enemy is deprived of the opportunity to use laser and infrared guidance systems.
Similar to the “Syrian rampart” method of fire impact on the enemy is the “tank carousel”, which was also used in the Arab Republic. This technique provides for continuous strikes due to alternate firing from tanks both from a standstill and on the move. This effect is achieved due to the fact that while one vehicle is firing, the soldiers of the second are loading ammunition, and the crew of the third is already preparing to move into position.
It is believed that Russian tanks are technically well prepared for the successful use of the “tank carousel”. As you know, domestic vehicles are equipped with the Reflex guided weapon system, automatic loader, modern optics and a digital ballistic computer.
According to Khrolenko, another popular tactic in the Russian army, tested in Syria, is “roaming mortars.” It lies in the fact that the calculations of the guns are constantly changing position, misleading the enemy and avoiding return fire.
In Russia, this technique is used with the use of modernized 2S12A Sani mortar systems. The firing range of this weapon is 7.1 km, and the aimed rate of fire is 15 rounds per minute. “Sleds” carry out shelling with mounted fire and are capable of destroying targets in engineering structures and in hard-to-reach terrain.
The mortar is transported in the back of a Ural-43206 truck or taken in tow. Also, the gun can be transported by the MT-LB multi-purpose transporter-tractor.
Artillery complex “Phlox”
© Ministry of Defense of Russia
In the near future, the Russian army should receive new self-propelled systems capable of firing mines. We are talking about the 120-mm Phlox self-propelled artillery gun based on the Ural-4320 truck and the 82-mm Drok mortar on the platform of the Typhoon-VDV armored vehicle.
“In the old days, a mortar battery was deployed in a line at the edge of the forest. Now, in order not to become easy prey for the enemy, it is almost always necessary to constantly change positions after one or more shots, ”says Khrolenko.
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A similar point of view is shared by Dmitry Litovkin. According to him, the tactics of “roaming mortars” helps to avoid detection and defeat of the enemy. Exactly the same method, as the expert said, is also used in self-propelled artillery of the RF Armed Forces.
“Recently, the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation published a video of the destruction of objects of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by Russian artillery installations “Msta-S”. The footage shows how two self-propelled guns fired back from behind the “green”, and then immediately went to change position. The development of such tactics in the exercises was not in vain. In Ukraine, the Russian army skillfully moves artillery along the front,” Litovkin added.
According to the expert, the development of new tactical methods of highly maneuverable combat helps the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation inflict effective fire damage on Ukrainian troops.
“The Ukrainian side openly recognizes the superiority of the Russian Federation in artillery power. I am sure that other methods of highly maneuverable combat are also used during the special operation, including sniper pairs with grenade launchers, ”concluded Litovkin.