The Frente de Todos has been insisting, for months, on two legislative agendas –one judicial and the other economic– that it intersperses according to mood. This week, and almost until the winter break begins, the priority of the official benches of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies will be set to approve a battery of economic projects –such as Compre Argentino, Alivio Fiscal, among others–, while other judicial initiatives take a back seat. In deputieson the one hand, the officialism it feels revitalized behind the victory of the last session and will seek to take advantage of it to realize that it is still in a position to weave circumstantial alliances that allow you to approve more complicated topics (that is: that generate the rejection of Together for Change). In the Senatehowever, the relationship of forces is different and, despite the fact that next week the axis will be focused on the economic issue, the frontist bloc does not resign the possibility of advancing with the long-awaited reform of the Supreme Court before August starts.
President Alberto Fernandez participated last Wednesday in an act in Santa Fe in which, within the framework of the insecurity crisis that exists in the province due to drug trafficking, he asked the Chamber of deputies that I finish sanction judicial reform. The comment raised some expectations that the project could have a renewed momentum, but the reality of the relationship of forces of the lower house turned the rumors upside down. “We couldn’t deal with it with the previous composition and are we going to be able to do it with the current one, which got worse?”, pointed out a pro-government deputy, realizing the announced ending that the legal projects of the FdT usually have in Congress: to be approved in the Senate to end up dying in the Deputies.
While it is unlikely that the ruling coalition will be able to move forward with any Federal Justice changes, there is greater optimism with the project of reform of Judicial Council. The initiative, which comes with half sanction from the Senate, began its treatment of commissions a few weeks ago -already when the short term that the Supreme Court had given to sanction a new law had ended- and, despite the hostile scenario of Deputies, the bench led by Germán Martínez do not lose hope of being able to sanction it. The Executive’s project proposes a federal and equal composition of 17 members and without the presence of the Supreme Court, but the bloc hopes to be able to negotiate certain modifications with the Federal Interbloc — specifically Graciela Camano— that allows it to reach the 129 votes necessary to approve it.
The ruling bloc invited the Minister of Justice, Martin Soriato defend the project next Wednesday in the Constitutional Affairs and Justice committees with the expectation that it will not lose validity, however, the priority today is productive issues. Emboldened after the victory of the last session -in which a battery of projects was approved almost unanimously-, the ruling party intends to repeat the result in what will be the last session before the winter holidays. It will seek to approve the law of Buy Argentinewhich promotes the development of bio and nanotechnology and of blue holeas well as perhaps the promotion of the iautomotive industry. “Let it be seen that we still have a certain capacity for articulation with the blocks in the middle and get a Pyrrhic majority“, explained a sword of the FdT.
In the Chamber chaired by Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, meanwhile, both agendas will be developed more closely together. The first objective, however, will be to dictate the Tax Relief for Monotributistas approved in Deputies last Wednesday. The project brings forward to July the update of the maximum billing limits of the Monotax to prevent taxpayers from having to jump to a higher category if their billing had grown in nominal terms due to inflation. It is key, therefore, to sanction it before the start of July. On Tuesday or Wednesday, it will be dealt with in the Budget Committee –where it is guaranteed that it will get an office– with the idea of taking it to the precinct on Thursday the 30th and converting it into law. In this session on the 30th, they will seek, in turn, to approve another economic initiative promoted by a sector of Kirchnerism: a pension debt payment plan that will allow some 800,000 people to access retirement.
Although the next session will focus on issues more linked to the economy, the bench that leads Jose Mayans also has the eye on in reactivating the debate for the enlargement of the Supreme Court of Justice. The idea of advancing in a reform of the High Court – which began a month and a half ago when Horacio Rosatti decided to take control of the Judicial Council – had a renewed momentum politician with the involvement of Peronist governors, who presented their own Court expansion project last week. The initiative proposes increase the number of courtiers 5 to 25, one for each province plus one more designated by the Executive Power. It is that project that, the next Thursdaythe ruling party will seek to start dealing in a plenary session of commissions on Constitutional Affairs and Justice.
Unlike what happens in Deputies, the FdT is confident that it will be able to add two senators that are missing to reach 37 votes. Their eyes will be on Magdalena Solari Quintana (Misiones) and Alberto Weretilneck (Río Negro), regular allies, as well as Clara Vega from La Rioja. Optimistic about the outcome, some pro-government senators will advance in negotiations with that sector. “In the Senate we are going to have the number, the problem is going to be Deputies,” said one of the senators who will lead these talks.