Argentina Boleta única

The debate for single ballot in Argentina will be held in the coming days in a plenary session, which will involve the members of the Chamber of Deputies. With the opposition in favor and the ruling party against, the controversy over the changes in the electoral system brings with it a series of uncertainties. One of them is the chance of it working, that is, it is applicable and, above all, more reliable than the current system. Also, if it’s better or worse than the current electoral system.

Javier SmaldonIT specialist, spoke at LN+ on the subject and how it has worked in countries that already have a single ballot, such as Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands. “It has worked well. Let us remember countries like the United States that, in the last 22 years, have had two contested elections. Does that mean it works perfect? Do not. No electoral system on the planet works perfectly. The only president I have heard say that is Maduro in Venezuela,” he explained.

The changes that would be introduced

He then described the changes that would take place in the voting system if the Single Ballot were to be implemented. “The first thing that disappears is the envelope. When you go and identify yourself, they don’t give you an envelope, but they give you a ballot where all the candidates are. It can be one or several, where all the categories and all the positions are, or where the categories are separated.” “All you have to do is mark with a cross. You fold it and put it in the urn. It’s simpler, easier, and prevents ballot theft,” Smaldone explained.

Arguments of Kirchnerism, valid or not?

Regarding the argument of the Front of All, saying that the main candidates would overshadow those of the smaller parties, the specialist said that it is “a real problem” of the D’Hont system. In this regard, he defended Cristina Kirchner’s words about the current system, explaining that “it is not bad”, but, nevertheless, it can be improved.

Changing the system would imply re-educating people, since the possibilities of invalidating the vote increase and it would take much longer in the dark room. But, as he pointed out before, there are issues that go beyond the declarations of Kirchnerism and that could really benefit voters, not only to assert their vote, but also their time by avoiding dead time to control the ballots.

Benefits for Argentina

Lastly, Smaldone pointed out that “it works better than our system because there is no theft of ballots and the problem of financing the printing of ballots and the shady deals that are done behind it are over.” Public spending does not escape the discussion either. The disbursement made for printing is one of the reasons why the change in the electoral system of Argentina.

In this way, the benefit would also be economic, to reduce the possibilities of increasing the fiscal deficit. In the PASO of 2021, the State allocated $1.7 billion to finance the ballots of 383 lists throughout the country. Most of them did not exceed the floor of votes that allowed them to access the legislative elections (1.5%).


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