What is celebrated on May 12 in Peru and the world

Within the different ephemerides that take place each May 12highlights the International Nurses Day. In this way, tribute is paid to a personality from this health sector, dedicated to the well-being of her compatriots. But, how did this recognition come about and what else is remembered on this date in Peru and the world? Here the details.

The origins of the so-called nurses day They date back to the Crimean War, between 1853 and 1856. At that time, forces of the contemporary Russian empire and a coalition made up of the United Kingdom, England and the Ottoman Empire faced each other. Between wounded and later dead, someone was needed to assist them after suffering some blow of the conflict.

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So it was the nurse Florence Nightingale who volunteered to go to the battlefield to help wounded soldiers and try to save their lives. Her fort was the Barrack Hospital, Scutari, located in present-day Istanbul, Turkey. Her humanitarian work during the conflict meant a great advance in the public health in the world and, once the war was over, in 1860 he decided to create a nursing school.

However, it was not until two years after his death, in 1912, that the International Council of Nurses (CIE) established May 12 – the day Nightingale was born – as the International Nurses Day. In fact, in the United States and Canada, National Nursing Week has been celebrated from the 6th to the 12th of that month, since 1974.

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WHAT IS CELEBRATED ON MAY 12?

In addition to the birth of Florence Nightingale, pioneer of modern nursing, the foundation of the current National University of San Marcos, on May 12, 1551; no less than 471 years ago. Also remember:

  • 1907 | American actress born Katharine Hepburn.
  • 1930 | Manuel Marulanda Velez is bornFixed shot”, Colombian guerrilla commander of the FARC.
  • 1951 | It is founded the Numismatic Society of Peru.
  • 1963 | French dancer and singer Josephine Bakervisit Lima.
  • 1982 | An attempted attack against the Pope Juan Pablo IIin the sanctuary of Fátima, in Portugal.
  • 1992 | The Government grants the title of ‘Honorary Citizen of Peru’ to Maria Reichefor his studies on the Nazca Lines.
  • 1997 | the australian Susie Maroneyat 20 years old, becomes the first swimmer to complete the section from Cuba to Florida through the Caribbean Sea, in a journey of almost 160 kilometers.
  • 2001 | Brazilian soccer coach Waldir Pereira diesDidi”.
  • 2002 | Jimmy Carter becomes the first former president of the United States, in or out of office, to visit Cuba since the Revolution on the island, in 1959.
  • 2004 | The Peruvian composer and poet dies Serafina Quinteras.
  • 2006 | An oil pipeline in Nigeria explodes, causing about 300 deaths in the African country.

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