For a century now, and whatever ups and downs they may have gone through during that time, Russia and United States They have been two of the great world superpowers and, why not, also two paradigms when it comes to understanding the economy and its international relations. Currently, these nations are in a tense dispute for dominance in the Ukrainian territory, but not only their conflicts are long-standing, but also some of their agreements. The START treaties so they show it.
Now that the issue of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, whose objective is the central power in kyiv, an ally of the Americans, has been re-analysed, it is worth reviewing the commitments that these countries assumed at that time.
What are the START treaties
For those who do not know, the START Treaties are a series of pacts between Russia and the United States, signed shortly before the definitive fall of the Soviet Union, between Mikhail Gorbachev, the last president of the USSR, and George HW Bush, president of the United States.
START refers to the “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty” and, as can be inferred, these talks were aimed at minimizing the impact that the development of nuclear weapons on both sides could generate in a new escalation of the historic confrontation, in what became known as the “Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty”. Hence the acronym in question.
With the aim of trying to limit the nuclear potential after the end of the Cold War, other treaties had already been signed in the 1970s and 1980s, all of them the product of trust between those involved. Four or five of them are worth mentioning specifically: ABM (1972), SALT Agreements (1972 and 1979), INF (1987), and FACE (1990).
How many START Treaties are there?
Later called the START I Treaty, this agreement put the maximum permitted nuclear weapons of these countries at 6,000, leaving the strategic bombers and ballistic missiles also restricted, in this case with a total of 1,600. It was valid from 1994 to 2009.
Curiously, in 1993 a second edition of these understandings had been reached, which, however, did not become official until 2003, already with the presence of the current Russian president, Vladimir Putin, and his counterpart George W. Bush, creating the SORT Treaty.
Lastly, in 2011 Barack Obama and Dmitry Medvedev gave way to START III, with fewer nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, and this is still the active commitment, since Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin extended it until 2026.