When a person loses his job, his biggest concern at that moment is to guarantee the collection of the contributory unemployment benefit, unemployment, if he is entitled to it. The fastest way to do it, if you meet the necessary conditions, is to do it online.
The State Public Employment Service (SEPE) allows this procedure to be carried out through the Electronic Headquarters, entering the ‘Persons’ category and accessing the ‘Recognition of the contributory benefit‘, available at this link. In order to carry out the procedure, yes, the citizen must have one of these access methods: digital certificate (you can get it in four simple steps), electronic DNI or [email protected] (so you can register to obtain a [email protected] PIN or permanent ).
The operation of this service is simple: once the citizen accesses the method available to him, he has to respond to “a simple form, guided step by step through screens”in which the applicant must enter all the work and personal information that is needed for the recognition of the benefit.
In the first place, and provided that it has not been sent by the company, the information that appears on the company certificate. Here are the company data (Social Security Regime, NIF or CIF, company name, CNAE, registered office…), the worker’s data (name and surnames, DNI or NIF, contribution group, type of contract …) and the cause and date of the suspension or termination of employment.
Then the citizen can inform or modify part of the information that the SEPE has in its possession. Here you must indicate the legal situation of unemployment, the bank details of the applicant (for receiving the benefit), the data for sending notifications (address, email, mobile or landline phone number), the data on family responsibilities and a section of observations that the citizen can fill in if he deems it appropriate.
With all the information added, the applicant must attach all the attached information that you need and that is constituted as mandatory documentation for the recognition of the benefit.
When those steps have been completed, the applicant will receive a resume of the benefit (includes the amount of unemployment and its duration) and the confirmation, which you will have to sign to finish the process. The signature depends on the type of access method chosen:
-If it is through a digital certificate or electronic DNI, it will be done by sending a code to the mobile phone number.
-If it is through [email protected], you must enter the access password, then the code sent to the phone and finish the procedure by clicking on ‘Continue’.
The requirements to collect unemployment
In order to receive the contributory unemployment benefit, it is necessary to meet some other condition that SEPE explains on its website. They are the following:
-Be affiliated and registered (or assimilated) to Social Security.
-Be legally unemployed and sign the activity commitment.
-Be registered as a job seeker.
-Have contributed for unemployment at least 360 days within the six years prior to the legal situation of unemployment.
-Not having the ordinary retirement age.
-Not receiving a pension incompatible with unemployment.
-Do not carry out an activity on their own or as a full-time employee.
Amount and duration of unemployment
The amount of unemployment is equivalent to 70% of the regulatory base (the average of the contribution bases of the 12 months prior to the request) during the first six months. As of the seventh month, this amount is reduced to 50% of the regulatory base.
The duration of the strike, explains the SEPE, It depends on what has been contributed for unemployment previously during the six years prior to the request for the benefit. With 360 days of contributions, there is a minimum of four months of unemployment and, from that moment, the duration of the benefit increases up to its maximum amount: 24 months in those cases in which the worker contributed 2,160 days due to unemployment. .