The Deputy Prime Minister of Israel, Gideon Sa’ar, whose father was born in Argentina, and the Minister of National Justice, Martín Soria, will be the main speakers at the event in which the 30th anniversary of the attack against the Israeli Embassy will be remembered. The commemoration will be at 2:50 p.m. this Thursday in the dry square of Arroyo y Posadas where the Israeli embassy building was in Buenos Aires. Undoubtedly, the remembrance will revolve around two themes: Israeli officials will insist on Iran’s responsibility for the attack, with the execution being carried out by the military wing of the pro-Iranian organization Hezbollah, while Soria is very likely to put the accent on the failure of the justice service in the investigation. In the case of the Embassy there was never a detainee, not even a hypothesis was outlined as to who entered and left the country to commit the attack or how the Ford F-100 truck with which the attack was carried out was acquired or the existence or not of a suicide The investigation, which was carried out by the Supreme Court of Justice, was even worse than in the AMIA case. At some point, former Israeli ambassador Itzhak Avirán said in his country that “Israel has already sent most of those responsible for the attack to the other world,” something that the Jerusalem Foreign Ministry denied. Still, the doubt floated.
Thursday’s act will be the high point of the tributes for the three decades of the attack. In addition to Sa’ar and Soria, the Israeli ambassador to Argentina, Galit Ronen, and Miriam Ben Zeev, widow of Eli Ben Zeev, who was an embassy attaché at the time, will speak. At the end of the act there will be a press conference. Anyway, The Israeli delegation, which includes the deputy prime minister and Ben Zeev, will be received by President Alberto Fernández and will also go to the National Congress where they will meet with the head of the House of Representatives, Sergio Massa, and with opposition leaders.
The attack of March 17, 1992, during the government of Carlos Menem, was investigated by the Court because the embassies –in this case Israel’s– are foreign territory and, therefore, the jurisdiction corresponds to them. to the highest court. The instruction was a real disaster, to the point that the victims were not even determined exactly. From the outset, there was talk of 29 dead, but a study carried out several years later by the Criminal Secretary of the Court, Esteban Canevari, established that the deceased were 22. Those are the names that appear on the plaque placed in the dry square. Even so, even in official acts they continue to mention the figure of 29.
In reality, the responsibility for investigating the attack should fall to the security and intelligence forces under the command of the Menem administration, but there was little or no will to deepen the investigation. The Riojan’s strategy was rather to calm the waters, so the poor investigation of the attack on the embassy opened, in fact, the doors to AMIA massacrecommitted with an almost traced methodology, two years later.
There was also no intense international collaboration at that time. In those times –before the attack on the Twin Towers– terrorism was not a priority issue for Washington and not even the State of Israel appeared as a plaintiff in the case: Jerusalem privileged the good relationship with the Menem government.
The Supreme Court did little to nothing. It quickly took over US and Israeli intelligence reporting and adopted Iran as its mastermind and Hezbollah as its workforce. He sent a few exhortations to the US Department of Justice requesting information on certain and certain individuals, especially from the Triple Frontier and members of the Barakat family, accused of collecting funds for Hezbollah in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay, and in Foz de Iguazú, Brazil. . The Department of Justice answered very rarely. The last warrant raised by the Court is from five years ago, but, in total, the highest court sent only 15 in 30 years, of which four are reiterations of previous requests for information.
After three decades, the failure of the research is categorically confirmed:
* It is not known who bought the Ford F-100 truck at a dealership on Juan B. Justo Avenue. The purchase was made with a Brazilian document in the name of a certain Ribeiro Da Luz. This suggests that, as in the AMIA attack, there was some labor that came from the neighboring country.
* The mechanism was the same as the 1994 attack: the van, already with the explosives, was parked in a parking lot on Avenida 9 de Julio. Someone removed it minutes before the attack and blew it up on Arroyo Street, in front of the embassy building.
* Of course It is not known where the explosives came from, nor is there any evidence of how and where the truck-bomb was assembled..
* After the death of Alberto Nismanthe attorney Alejandra Gils Carbo appointed three prosecutors to lead the investigation of the attack against the AMIA. Those prosecutors did a wonderful job using the latest genetic techniques and the scanning electron microscope. In this way they determined that remains found in the victims corresponded to metals from the Trafic van used for the attack against the Jewish mutual. That work was not done in the Embassy case. It is assumed that the Ford F-100 was used because the engine was also found in an adjoining building.
* It is not known who entered or who left the country to carry out the attack nor whether or not there was a local connection.
In summary, there is practically nothing clear. Hezbollah and Iran are held responsible only by intelligence reports. From the point of view of the file, the main responsibility fell on the head of Hezbollah’s military wing, imad mughniyehwho was killed by the Israelis in Damascus, Syria, in 2008, with an explosive planted in his vehicle.
Nor was it ever known why Buenos Aires was chosen for the attacks. There is no shortage of those who believe that fundamentalists considered that Menem, of Islamic origin, betrayed his own by making good friends with Washington and Jerusalem and sending two ships to the Persian Gulf to support US operations against Saddam Hussein, after Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. Others affirm that Menem promised to transfer nuclear technology to Iran or missile technology to Syria, he did not comply, and the attacks were a kind of revenge.
All these ingredients will be in the event on Thursday. On the one hand, the Israeli speakers will focus on the role of Iran and international terrorism. Soria, on the other hand, is certain that he will point out that the investigation of the attack against the Embassy, as well as that of the AMIA, show the imperative need to make changes in a Justice that, in key cases, fails to clarify anything at all.