The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) released, on Friday January 21, 2022, its statement on its meeting on the situation in Mali. While endorsing the sanctions imposed on Mali by ECOWAS, the Council “welcomed Algeria’s proposal to accompany the Republic of Mali and ECOWAS on the salutary path of mutual understanding. He called on the authorities of the Transition in Mali and ECOWAS to “engage together in this initiative in order to deal with the outstanding points of divergence with a view to facilitating the return of Mali to constitutional order within an appropriate period and feasible, not exceeding sixteen (16) months.”
In its communiqué, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) endorses the Communiqué of 4th Extraordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government of the ECOWAS Authority, which was held on 9 January 2022 in Accra, Ghana, and which, among other things, imposed additional economic and financial sanctions against of Mali. “It also approves the Communique of the sixtieth ordinary session of the ECOWAS Authority, which was held on December 12, 2021 in Abuja, Nigeria, and which reaffirmed the need for the authorities of the transition in Mali to respect the election deadline, failing which additional sanctions would be imposed accordingly,” the statement read. The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) also expressed “its full support for all efforts aimed at creating the conditions necessary to promote the return to constitutional order in Mali, including the efforts of ECOWAS and its mediator, former Nigerian President Goodluck Johnathan.” According to the press release, the Peace and Security Council of the African Union “takes note of the conclusions of the National Conference on Refoundation and urges restraint and the need for all Malian stakeholders to engage in dialogue and to continue to work together within the framework of the 2015 Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Mali, which emerged from the Algiers process, as the only way to ensure an inclusive approach to addressing the challenges facing Mali, which are fundamentally structural and security-related.” In addition, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) “expressed its regret over the non-respect by the Malian transitional authorities of the transition period of 18 months initially planned, in accordance with the commitment made in the Charter of the transition, and the organization of free, fair and credible democratic elections on February 27, 2022.” The Peace and Security Council of the African Union also “firmly rejected the timetable submitted to the ECOWAS Mediator by the Malian Transition Authorities providing for the holding of presidential elections before the end of December 2025, fixing the duration of the transition at a period of five and a half years, which constitutes an undue extension of the transition process in Mali. “This is considered unconstitutional, inadmissible, inappropriate and constitutes a serious obstruction to the democratic process in the country,” said the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) in its press release.
In addition, the Council “called on the Malian authorities of the Transition to respect the Charter of the Transition and the decisions of the PSC and ECOWAS and to organize free, fair and credible elections within a reasonable time to be agreed by all parties. stakeholders” and underlined “the imperative of a rapid restoration of the civilian-led constitutional and democratic order, which is the fundamental roadmap for lasting stability and development in Mali and the Sahel region”
In its statement, the PSC “welcomed Algeria’s proposal to accompany the Republic of Mali and ECOWAS on the salutary path of mutual understanding”, calling on the authorities of the Transition in Mali and ECOWAS to engage “together in this initiative in order to deal with the outstanding points of divergence with a view to facilitating the return of Mali to constitutional order within an appropriate and achievable period, not exceeding sixteen (16) months”. In this context, the PSC indicates that the implementation of the relevant provisions of the ECOWAS communiqués will be examined in conjunction with the result of the efforts to be deployed by Algeria.