Ephemeris of January 15: What happened on a day like today?

World.- In the ephemeris of this January 15 Several important ones that marked the history of humanity stand out, for example: 2001 Wikipedia is born, a free encyclopedia published on the Internet created by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.

On the same date, but in 2018, the Irish singer Dolores O’Riordan, leader of “The Cranberries”, dies.

What are the ephemeris of January 15?

1759.- The British Museum opens its doors in London.

1796.- The alleged mortal remains of Christopher Columbus, from Santo Domingo, disembark in Havana.

1859.- A revolution breaks out in Haiti that dethrones Emperor Faustino I.

1875.- Military coup in Uruguay. José Ellauri cedes executive power to Pedro Varela.

1881.- Battle of Miraflores, during the Pacific War, between the Chilean and Peruvian armies, which gives victory to the former, opening the doors of Lima to them.

1892.- James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.

1919.- Murder in Berlin of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, founders of the German Communist Party and main leaders of the Spartacist insurrection in the German capital.

– Molasses disaster: in Boston, United States, the explosion of a large molasses tank causes a flood that leaves 21 dead and 150 injured.

1934.- An earthquake of magnitude 8 shakes Nepal and the Indian state of Bihar causing some 12,000 deaths.

1941.- Alfonso XIII abdicated in Rome of his rights to the Spanish throne in favor of his son Prince Don Juan, Count of Barcelona.

1943.- Inauguration of the Pentagon, headquarters of the US Department of Defense, near Washington.

1944.- The Argentine city of San Juan is destroyed by an earthquake.

1962.- Found in Greece the Derveni papyrus, the oldest preserved manuscript in Europe.

1967.- The first Super Bowl is played, the most important event in American football. The Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10.

1971.- Inauguration of the great Aswan dam, on the Nile River.

1985.- Tancredo Neves is appointed president of Brazil by the Electoral College, although he dies before taking office.

1992.- The European Community recognizes the independence of Croatia and Slovenia, which implies the dismemberment of Yugoslavia as a unitary State for European purposes.

1996.- Mario Vargas Llosa takes possession of the chair “L” of the Royal Spanish Academy.

– The prime minister of Greece, the socialist Andreas Papandreou, resigns as a result of a serious respiratory illness.

2000.- Serbian paramilitary leader Zeljko Raznatovic, “Arkan”, accused of war crimes, is assassinated in Belgrade.

2001.- Wikipedia is born, a free encyclopedia published on the Internet created by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.

2004.- NASA’s “Spirit” robot begins the exploration of Mars.

2005.- First sentence for the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners in the Abu Ghraib prison: a Texas court sentenced Charles Graner to ten years in prison and expulsion from the Army.

2006.- Michelle Bachelet wins the elections in Chile and becomes the first woman to become president.

2007.- Two collaborators of Saddam Hussein executed in Baghdad: his half-brother, Barzán al Tikriti, and Judge Awad al Bandar.

2009.- The Israeli Army kills the Hamas Interior Minister, Said Siam, in the Gaza Strip.

– Landing of an Airbus 320 plane in the Hudson River, in New York, piloted by Chesley Sullenberger. All 155 travelers are saved.

2013.- More than 80 dead in an attack against the Syrian university of Aleppo.

2019.- The British Parliament rejects the agreement with the EU on “Brexit” and the Labor Party presents a motion of censure against the Government.

2020.- The United States and China sign the first phase of a trade agreement.

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– The Russian government resigns en bloc after Putin announced changes to the Constitution.

Who was born on a January 15?

1809.- Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French socialist philosopher.

1826.- Marie Pasteur, French scientist, collaborator of her husband, Louis Pasteur.

1888.- María Isabel Carvajal (Carmen Lyra), Costa Rican writer.

1896.- Víctor de la Serna, Spanish writer born in Chile.

1906.- Aristotle Onassis, shipowner and Greek billionaire.

1908.- Edward Teller, American physicist of Hungarian origin.

1918.- Gamal Abdel Nasser, president of Egypt (1956-1970).

1919.- Maurice Herzog, mountaineer and French politician.

1922.- Paul Casimir Marcinkus, American archbishop.

1926.- María Schell, Austrian actress of Swiss origin.

1927.- Armando Morales, Nicaraguan painter.

1929.- Martin Luther King, American black leader, defender of human rights.

1955.- Thierry Breton, French businessman and politician.

1969.- Raffaella Petrini, Italian monja, “número dos” of the Vatican.

1975.- Mary Pierce, French tennis player.

1980.- David Muñoz (Dabiz Muñoz), Spanish chef.

1981.- “Pitbull” (Armando Christian Pérez), Cuban-American rapper singer.

Who died on a January 15?

1597.- Juan de Herrera, Spanish architect, author of the El Escorial monastery.

1988.- Sean Mc Bride, Irish politician, Nobel Peace Prize in 1974.

1998.- Junior Wells, American blues musician.

2004.- Olivia Goldsmith, American writer.

2005.- Victoria de los Angeles, Spanish soprano.

2006.- Sheikh Jaber al Ahmad al Sabah, emir of Kuwait.

2007.- Bo Yibo, historical leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

2009.- Tommy Muñiz, Puerto Rican actor and television producer.

2017.- Isidro Baldenegro, Mexican indigenous leader.

2018.- Dolores O’Riordan, Irish singer, leader of “The Cranberries”.

– Edwin Hawkins, American gospel singer, famous for his song “Oh, Happy Day.”

2019.- Carol Channing, American actress and singer.

2021.- Vicente Cantatore, Argentine nationalized Chilean soccer player and coach.

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