Seven children were killed last year by their parents, in all cases the biological one, to harm their mothers. It is vicarious violence, the “most cruel” of the forms of sexist violence that “causes perpetual harm to women”, in the words of the Government delegate against Gender Violence, Victoria Rosell, who presented this morning the balance sheet gender violence provisional of the year 2021.
Those seven murdered children represent the second highest number of victims in the series that begins in 2013, only below the eight in 2017, although there were also 7 fatalities in 2015 and 2018. In four of the cases of vicarious violence in 2021, the mother had filed a complaint against her attacker. “It is necessary to make a reflection regarding the measures of the Justice because, if in 4 of the 7 cases there were measures, they could be sufficient or not for the women, but clearly they were insufficient with respect to the minors”, has indicated Rosell.
The Government delegate recalled that the latest legal changes are precisely intended to protect the children of victims of sexist violence by suspending the aggressor’s visitation regime almost automatically “when there are judicial measures regarding the mother” and that they are guided by the essential principle that “an abuser cannot be a good parent.”
2021 also leaves a balance of 43 women murdered by their partners or ex-partners. It is the smallest number since 2003 when the data began to be counted. The Government believes, in a first analysis, that it is due to although the pandemic gives more control to the aggressors that they do not have to resort to extreme violence and also to the increase in resources to care for the victims. According to data from 2021, in 79.1% of the cases there was no prior complaint against the aggressor and more than 30% of those killed were between 31 and 40 years old.
In addition, 26 of them were born in Spain and 17 in other countries, while, in the case of the murderers, 38 were Spanish and 5 from other countries, data that Rosell wanted to highlight because they go against ideas “of a xenophobic nature. and racist. ” The number of calls to the helpline continues to increase: last year 87,000 calls to 016 were exceeded for the first time despite the fact that now there are other channels to report such as WhatsApp