The Public Prosecutor’s Office (MPF) just spoke to favor of the “cessation and / or suspension of seismic prospecting and oil exploitation activities”, Therefore, the oil companies could not advance with seismic exploration on the Atlantic Coast until it makes an environmental impact report. It did so by endorsing a precautionary measure filed against the national government and because it involves actions with a high environmental impact.
The head of the Federal Prosecutor’s Office No. 1 of Mar del Plata, Laura Mazzaferri, He requested the suspension of “seismic exploration, oil exploitation and other related works, off the shores of the General Pueyrredón Party, that were opportunely ordered by the National Government through Decree 900/21 and approved by Resolution N ° 436/21 of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development of the Nation ”.
Requested that before exploration actions begin a strategic environmental assessment is carried out, to ensure that its approval does not violate environmental regulations, both nationally and internationally.
The amparo actions, which would give rise to the precautionary measure and, if approved, would halt the imminent exploration off the beaches of the Atlantic Coast, were presented by a private citizen and by the Organization of Self-convened Environmentalists. Both requests coincided in the potential danger produced by seismic prospecting and eventual oil exploitation off the coast of Mar del Plata, Head city of the General Pueyrredón party.
What did the amparos ask for
In the case of the action initiated by the citizen, he requested the suspension of seismic exploration activities, “until the authorization was obtained. Environmental Impact Statement guaranteeing access to public information”And the“ effective participation of the community of the General Pueyrredón Party in the environmental impact assessment process ”and in decision-making will be guaranteed.
The citizen asked that the National University of Mar del Plata, the National University of the Center of the Province of Buenos Aires, the National University of La Plata and the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (Conicet) intervene, for the elaboration of the health, technical, environmental and impact reports, corresponding.
The second amparo, the one presented by the Organization of Self-convened Environmentalists He filed a collective habeas corpus that was rejected by the judge of first instance, but later the Federal Court of Appeals of Mar del Plata ordered to be redirected as an amparo action. The NGO highlighted “The current and imminent threat to all specimens of Southern Right Whales (…) Due to the disturbing sound emissions that will be generated by seismic surveys (intensive high-impact sound bombardment) over the North Basin of the Argentine Sea ”.
In her opinion, the prosecutor Mazzaferri considered the proposals valid since the authorization of the seismic exploration would have been issued without the intervention of an agency that, according to the Law of Parks and Historical Monuments, it had to be consulted in a mandatory manner, as established by Law 22,351 in article 19.
Also, the representative of the Public Prosecutor’s Office argued that, beyond their differences, both actions serve noise pollution from seismic exploration activity and the lack of an environmental impact study impartial in relation to the exploration and eventual exploitation, which also includes all the potentially harmful aspects of the activity denounced.