The most outstanding milestone that wind energy has achieved throughout 2021 has been to position itself as the first source of electricity generation in Spain. The closing figures for 2021 highlight that elica technology has registered more than 23% of the total production in our country, thus led the national generation mix. In addition, elica is also the technology in the Spanish energy system with the highest installed power, a total of 28,073 provisional MW, according to data provided by Red Elctrica de Espaa (REE).
The wind sector is key to meeting the objectives of the National Integrated Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC) and reaching 42% of energy consumption from renewables in 2030. In Spain, with more than 1,260 wind farms and 250 industrial centers in Spain, employs more than 27,000 professionals and contributes to the Spanish GDP with more than 3,100 million euros, which is equivalent to 0.30% according to data from the Macroeconomic Study of the Wind Sector of AEE 2020.
Spain is the second European country by installed wind power after Germany, and the fifth country in the world after China, the United States, Germany and India. The autonomous communities with the highest installed wind power in Spain are Castilla y Len, Aragn and Castilla La Mancha.
In 2021, in addition, two renewable auctions were held, specifically in January and October, with the total of the new power auctioned for the 3,256 megawatt elica. Likewise, elica was the technology that was awarded the most power in these auctions, with average prices of 25.31 euros / MWh and 30.18 euros / MWh respectively. With these new megawatts, it has been possible to generate indigenous and emission-free electricity for 2.5 million homes and the current renewable generation has been increased by 8.2%.
Elica is the technology that has most increased its contribution of clean energy, avoiding the emission into the atmosphere of more than 28.5 million tons of CO2, reaching the Spanish peninsular electricity sector a new historical minimum of CO2 emissions, situated in almost 47% below 1990 emissions. Electricity was cleaner than ever with an average content of 138 grCO2 / KWh compared to 400 grCO2 / KWh in 1990.
Offshore olive oil is also an opportunity to position the Spanish industry as an international benchmark since in this field, and specifically of floating technology, Spain is a hub technological and industrial world.