12 Jan. 2022 15:31 Uhr
Nicaragua and China have signed several important agreements. The move came at the beginning of President Daniel Ortega’s fifth term and around a month after the Central American country ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan.
On January 10th, Nicaragua and China signed several agreements. The two countries signed a memorandum on political consultations, a cooperation agreement in trade and a memorandum on cooperation in the New Silk Road project. In addition, Managua and Beijing agreed to abolish visa requirements for diplomats and official representatives.
The signing of the documents was attended by Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega and his wife, as well as Vice-President Rosario Murillo and the Vice-President of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China, Cao Jianming. The Chinese President’s special envoy emphasized the importance of bilateral relations and said to Ortega:
“President Xi Jinping attaches great importance to the development of Sino-Nicaraguan relations, appreciates your political decision to re-establish diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China on the basis of the one-China principle, and congratulates you on your re-election as President of the Republic of Nicaragua.”
Jianming underlined the support that Ortega had received in the presidential election in November 2021. According to the top Chinese official, it was due to the ruling Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN )’s struggle against poverty.
Ortega, for his part, praised the historic struggle between the two nations against Western aggression. He condemned the sanctions that the US and the EU had imposed on his country as a violation of human rights.
“We will continue our fight for peace and against hegemony, the fight against aggression, which is called sanctions and which is nothing other than aggression against human rights.”
On the same day, the 76-year-old was sworn in for a fifth term after his fourth re-election in a row. The swearing-in ceremony took place on Revolution Square in Managua. The ceremony was attended by the Chinese delegation, the Venezuelan head of state Nicolás Maduro, his Cuban colleague Miguel Díaz-Canel and official representatives from Argentina, Bolivia, Mexico and Russia.
Before the swearing-in, the EU and the US announced further sanctions against Ortega supporters. The presidential election in November caused a lot of criticism in the West because several presidential candidates were arrested before the vote.
On December 10, 2021, Nicaragua ended diplomatic relations with Taiwan and embraced the government’s one-China doctrine in Beijing. The Chinese Foreign Office spokesman Wang Wenbin emphasized at the time that it was “a political decision, not a trade deal”. However, this step opens up “great prospects” for cooperation. Nicaragua gave no reason for his decision. After the diplomatic break with Taipei, Managua decided to hand over the premises of the previous embassy to Beijing. Taiwan’s government protested the “unlawful occupation of their property” and strongly condemned Nicaragua ‘s demands that embassy staff be withdrawn within just two weeks.
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