In case of symptoms of respiratory or gastrointestinal disease, even when a person has not yet undergone a test covid, the general recommendation is isolate yourself immediately. But for how long? The answer may vary depending on the country where you live.
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In U.S, where the omicron variant represents 95 percent of the positive cases, the health authorities reduced the isolation time to only five days (followed by five more days of strict use of face masks in public places).
“The change is motivated by science showing that the majority of SARS-CoV-2 transmissions occur early in the course of the disease, usually within 1-2 days prior to onset of symptoms and 2-3 days prior to the onset of symptoms. later, “the CDC stated.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the ideal period of isolation remains at 10 days, although many countries have already reduced their quarantines to seven days, such as the United Kingdom, France, Argentina and Colombia, according to certain circumstances.
In Spain For example, a decision was made in late 2021 to reduce the isolation time to 7 days in vaccinated people who are asymptomatic or develop a mild covid picture. Of course, no further symptoms should appear at the end of the isolation period.
What is the recommendation in Mexico?
The Ministry of Health has not modified its recommendation of 14 days quarantine to a person who has tested positive for COVID-19. Home isolation time begins from the onset of symptoms, a measure that has been maintained since the beginning of the pandemic.
It should be mentioned that this recommendation should not be confused with the special disability permit for COVID-19 that Social Security grants to its affiliates. Currently, the disability leave can last up to 7 days in patients with symptoms. To extend this permission, the patient must see his doctor in case of continuing with symptoms.
The epidemiological surveillance guideline also indicates that “in those suspected cases that do not require hospitalization, they should be managed in home isolation and followed up through daily monitoring during 7 days or until the laboratory result is available ”.
In sum, if it is a suspicious case (that is, with symptoms such as sore throat, cough, profuse nasal discharge, fever, hoarseness), the isolation should be 7 days. But if the patient tests positive, they must stay home for a period of 14 days.
At the moment, the fact of having a complete vaccination scheme or being asymptomatic does not affect this measure, although the Ministry of Health is evaluating the possibility of reducing the isolation period in certain circumstances, such as in the aforementioned countries.