the Energy costs rose by 35 percent in Germany in 2020. A reversal of the trend is not in sight. The customers of heating oil are hit particularly hard: they saw themselves as being more expensive 143.9 percent faced. Gas customers paid 1,402 euros for 20,000 kilowatt hours. In the previous year it was 1,095 euros. In the past 12 months, electricity prices rose by 9.3 percent due to rising network charges and high procurement costs.
In view of the skyrocketing prices, the Ampel-Coalition opted for a heating cost subsidy. This should ensure that “living and heating remain affordable”. Single people who receive housing benefit due to their poor economic position can look forward to a one-time grant of 135 euros, a two-person household is awarded 175 euros. Each additional person living in the household receives 35 euros. Around 710,000 households fall into the eligible category for this grant.
Households with a net income of less than 1,300 euros per month had to pay at least 95 euros for gas, electricity and heating oil in 2020. For households with a net income of 5,000 euros per month, the average is 206 euros. Calculated as a percentage of their total consumer spending, however, this is lower than for low-income households. If it is 9.5 percent of the consumption expenditure for the low earners, the proportion for the particularly high earners is 4.7 percent. The risk of debt increases. Because a reallocation of expenses is not possible with low incomes.
If you look at the energy costs for Hartz IV recipients, they have to spend at least 36.44 euros on the electricity bill of their standard rate of 449 euros per month. Where water is heated with electricity, the costs are even higher. The standard rate for recipients of the basic security rose by three euros per month at the turn of the year.
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