Mali under ECOWAS sanctions: what consequences for Senegal and Mauritania?

The West African leaders of ECOWAS have decided to close the air and land borders with Mali and to put the country under embargo. Beyond the impact on the Malian economy, these measures should also have consequences in neighboring Senegal: Mali is its first commercial customer.

Every day, hundreds of trucks use the Dakar-Bamako corridor, over 1,300 km. A strategic axis for Mali, a landlocked country, largely dependent on the port of Dakar for its imports. And strategic for Senegal: last year, 21% of its exports were destined for Mali, according to the National Statistics Agency).

« This will be extremely complicated for Senegal’s budget because a budget is revenue forecasts. Recipes which were to come from Malian imports. Senegal shoots itself in the foot. We sanction an economy as fragile as the Malian economy. But by sanctioning Mali, we sanction Senegal too », Notes Khadim Bamba Diagne, economist and research professor at the University Cheikh Anta Diop in Dakar.

Since the announcement of the sanctions on Sunday evening, Gora Khouma, secretary general of road transporters in Senegal, has received many calls.

« We are worried because 80% of Malian freight goes through Dakar. The port of Dakar supplies Mali. If it’s closed, it’s going to hurt us He fears.

The suspension of trade decided by ECOWAS does not concern consumer food products, medical equipment or even petroleum products.

Mauritania between two waters

The blow is therefore hard for Mali, which does not have access to the sea either. Among the few exits, neighboring Mauritania remains. Yesterday, the Mauritanian president spoke by phone with Goodluck Jonathan, former Nigerian president and ECOWAS mediator for the Malian crisis.

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