Senior sergeant major Talgat Ayupov was in the village of Belushya Guba in the southwestern part of the South Island when the AN602 thermonuclear aviation bomb, known as the Tsar Bomba, exploded there on October 30, 1961. In an interview with, a Soviet military man described the consequences of the most powerful explosion in history.

“A seismic wave has reached us, followed by an air shock wave. Thunderous powerful sounds follow. All of us were previously taken out of the barracks, ”said Ayupov.

Later, at the beginning of 1962, he, as part of a special commission, went to the village of Severny near the Matochkin Shar Strait, about 50 kilometers from the place where the Tsar Bomba was dropped, in order to assess the damage caused. According to the military man, what he saw amazed him.

“By November 7, a club was being built there. Two wings remained of the building, the central part was cut off as if with a knife. All residential buildings were destroyed. Only a part of the wall remained from the warehouse, and many things were never removed. Towels, footcloths, and other property were scattered everywhere. There were a lot of boxes of biscuits, boxes of butter, “- said the interlocutor of” “.

Later, Ayupov asked for information about the exact dose of radiation he received during the tests, but the documents say that the participants in the tests from his military unit do not have a dose load.

On October 30, 1961 – exactly 60 years ago – the Soviet Union tested the most powerful 50-megaton Tsar Bomb in history. It was dropped from a Tu-95 strategic bomber at the Sukhoy Nos nuclear test site on Novaya Zemlya Island. The explosion took place at an altitude of 4000 meters. The power of the “Tsar Bomba” was so great that the blast wave circled the Earth three times.

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