World.- In the ephemeris of this October 14 Several important events that marked the history of mankind stand out, for example: in 1947, for the first time in history, man broke the sound barrier. It was done by Chuck E. Yeager, an American pilot, at the controls of the Bell “X-1” rocket plane, which exceeded 1,224 km / hour.
On the same date, but in 1964, the American Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to eliminate racial prejudice in the United States.
What are the ephemeris of October 14?
1813.- Simón Bolívar is proclaimed in Caracas the “Liberator”.
1888.- The first film in the history of cinema is filmed, “The Roundhay Garden Scene” (France), which lasts less than two seconds.
1913Senghenydden mining catastrophe: 439 miners are killed in what was the biggest British mining disaster.
1917.- Uruguay wins its second Copa de América, in a match held in Montevideo.
1944.- World War II: German general Erwin Rommel commits suicide at the request of Hitler, accused of participating in a plot against him.
1951.- The Organization of Central American States is created.
1962.- The missile crisis begins, after a US spy plane photographed and discovered Russian missile ramps in Cuba.
1964.- American Martin Luther King receives the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent resistance to eliminate racial prejudice in the United States.
1981.- Hosni Mubarak assumes the presidency of Egypt.
1999.- The Japanese banks Sumitomo Bank and Sakura Bank announce their merger, with which the second largest bank in the world in assets is created.
2001.- President Fernando de la Rúa suffers an important defeat in Argentina after the victory of the Peronists in the legislative elections.
2003.- The companies ACS and Dragados approve the merger to create the largest Spanish construction company and the third largest in Europe.
2005.- The XV Ibero-American Summit begins in Salamanca, under the presidency of the Kings of Spain.
2005.- Former President Lucio Gutiérrez returns to Ecuador, where he is arrested and imprisoned for “attacking state security.”
2006.- The UN approves trade and arms sanctions against North Korea for conducting its first atomic test.
2009.- India and Argentina sign a nuclear cooperation pact.
2011.- Apple launches the iPhone 4S, the first without Steve Jobs.
2011.- Apple also launches its new automated voice control system called “Siri”.
2012.- The Austrian athlete Félix Baumgartner throws himself from the stratosphere, more than 39,000 meters high, becoming the first human being to break the speed of sound in free fall.
2017.- At least 587 people die in an attack perpetrated by the Islamist terrorist organization Al Shabab against a hotel and a market in Mogadishu (Somalia).
2017.- The Hollywood Academy (USA) expels producer Harvey Weinstein, involved in a huge scandal of abuse and sexual harassment.
Read more: Former Colombian police chief who worked with the DEA pleads guilty in the USA
2018.- Pope Francis proclaims Pope Paul VI a saint.
2019.- 14 police officers killed in an armed attack in western Mexico.
Who was born on October 14?
1784.- Fernando VII, Spanish king.
1873.- José Serrano, Spanish zarzuelas composer.
1882.- Eamon de Valera, champion of Irish independence.
1890.- Dwight Eisenhower, military and former president of the United States.
1906.- Hasan Al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brotherhood.
1919.- Mary Carrillo, Spanish actress.
1927.- Roger Moore, British actor.
1930.- Mobutu Sese Seko, former president of Zaire.
1938.- Farah Diba, former empress of Iran.
1939.- Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer.
1940.- Cliff Richard, British singer.
1941.- Roger Taylor, British tennis player.
1949.- Cristina García Rodero, photographer.
Who died on October 14?
1536.- Garcilaso de la Vega, Spanish poet.
1959.- Errol Flynn, actor australiano.
1977.- Bing Crosby, American actor and singer.
1987.- Rodolfo Halffter, Spanish composer.
1990.- Leonard Bernstein, American composer and conductor.
1997.- Harold Robbins, American writer.
2018.- Eduardo Arroyo, Spanish painter