Berlin.- Although the G20 countries have increased with respect to the objectives set against the climate change, are still not in a position to meet the goal, according to a report from Climate Transparency.
The goal of the G20 is to limit the increase in global average temperature to 1.5 degrees at the end of the century, however, the national emission reduction plans (NDC) of these countries allow to foresee that the increase in temperature will be 2.4 degrees.
In September, 13 NDCs had been submitted by the G20 and six of them – Argentina, Canada, the EU (France, Germany and Italy), South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States – contributed more ambitious plans than they had previously presented.
Three others – China, Japan and South Korea – proposed more ambitious targets but had not yet presented their national plans.
Old emission cuts correspond to the plans presented by the United States and the EU countries, as well as the one announced by China: “This is promising because they are among the countries with the highest emissions among those of the EU. G20“states the report.
However, Australia, Brazil, Indonesia, Mexico and Russia have presented unchanged national plans and in the Brazilian and Mexican case a variation of their objectives has been detected that weaken their NDC “and will cause a increased emissions in 2030 “.
All the NDCs updated, presented and announced until last April are about 23 gigatons of CO2 far from the goal of 1.5 degrees, according to the report, which states that the G20 is responsible for two thirds of that deviation.
And add that if all G20 members reinforce their plans with national programs compatible with that objective and commit to achieving zero net emissions by 2050 – with a greater effort from the most developed – this deviation could be reduced by 64%.
The expert authors of the report recall that the energy transition is essential to achieve the emission reduction targets included in the Paris Agreement and with a view to the celebration of the Climate Summit (COP26) in Glasgow (United Kingdom) next November.
They find that in 2020 80.8% of the primary energy available had fossil origin in the G20 and that this percentage will increase slightly this year, while gas consumption increases, which is “a bridge to nowhere,” according to the study.
“The G20 members it has to prioritize investments in renewable energy (…) and accelerate the abandonment of coal “, estimate the experts.
In the field of transport, they ask that the countries of the G20 apply policies to shift towards low-carbon fuels, with greater electrification and that, for example, prohibit the sale of vehicles with internal combustion engines in 2035.
In the field of construction they urge reduce energy demand of buildings and require that all new ones meet efficiency standards and have technologies that are or may be zero emission.
In the use of the territory, they ask that zero deforestation objectives and policies be applied and that infrastructures that respect forests be promoted; and in agriculture they recommend promoting the transition from a production directed towards diets based on meat to others based on plants.
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