United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres published his quarterly report on the situation in Mali on October 1, 2021. This 19-page report focuses on the political, security, humanitarian, judicial and legal situation prevailing in Mali. The report also mentions the peace process in Mali through the implementation of the agreement for peace and reconciliation resulting from the Algiers process.
Antonio Guterres’ report denounces a delay in preparations for elections in Mali. “The preparations for the legislative and presidential elections scheduled for February and March 2022 and intended to end the transition have been delayed. I note with great concern the delays in the organization of general elections and the completion of the political transition scheduled for March 2022 ”, underlined the Secretary General of the United Nations in his last quarterly report on Mali.
According to Antonio Guterres, preparations for the legislative and presidential elections scheduled for February and March 2022 and intended to end the transition have been delayed.
Before adding that the coup d’etat of May 24 and its consequences delayed certain essential activities, in particular the revision and the verification of the electoral lists. In addition, he said, the coordination mechanisms put in place in April 2021 with the aim of reaching consensus on electoral operations have been suspended, supplanted by consultations on the creation of an independent management body. elections.
He said that MINUSMA (United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali) is continuing its activities aimed at promoting conditions conducive to elections. “In this context, she organized a series of workshops on electoral transparency (from June 17 to 30), the role of the media and social media (July 1 and 2) and human rights and the impact of social media about the elections (June 29 to July 8).
In addition, it provided two electoral material storage facilities for the northern regions in June and provided specialized technical support for capacity building for members of the Constitutional Court and the National Transitional Council. In addition, the diplomatic community in Bamako has started preparations to provide support for electoral operations, ”said Antonio Guterres in his report.
According to him, a year ago, the military took political power and pledged to undertake a major overhaul of the state, to fight against corruption and impunity, to resolve security problems in the regions. of the north and center, to carry out political and institutional reforms, to implement the Agreement and to organize credible and transparent elections aimed at reestablishing constitutional order. While the transitional authorities still say they are determined to achieve these goals, he adds, progress has been limited and the situation remains fragile.
According to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, more resolute action is needed to face the challenges. “Any procrastination would exacerbate political and social instability and allow extremist groups to continue to take control of entire swathes of Malian territory. I therefore urge Malian stakeholders to seize this opportunity. I note with great concern the delays in the organization of the general elections and the completion of the political transition scheduled for March 2022.
Preparations for the constitutional referendum on the adoption of key institutional and political reforms, scheduled for October 31, have also been delayed. I urge the Malian Government and other national actors to find, through dialogue, a compromise on the reforms to be implemented and the measures to be taken to carry out a rapid and constructive transition.
The United Nations will continue to cooperate closely with the African Union and ECOWAS in order to help Malian stakeholders to ensure that the political transition is carried out peacefully and on time, ”said Antonio Guterres. In addition, he said that the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, signed in 2015, has made little progress, the attention of the main political actors having turned away from it.
69 attacks have caused more than 60 deaths in the last 3 months in Mali
In addition, the report emphasizes the absence or weakness of state administrative services in central and northern Mali due to insecurity. According to the report, national and international forces, MINUSMA and the signatory armed groups suffered 69 asymmetric attacks. The Secretary General of the United Nations specifies that these attacks have caused the death of more than 40 people.
According to him, during the last quarter, 23 civilians were killed and 13 wounded in six improvised explosive device attacks perpetrated in the regions of Koulikoro, Mopti and Gao. “I condemn the illegal and inhumane blockades imposed by extremist elements on several villages in the central regions, which result in human rights abuses and a dire humanitarian situation. We must put an end to these heinous acts, the perpetrators of which must be promptly prosecuted and condemned.
The impunity of those guilty of serious human rights violations and abuses hinders the fight against violent extremism. I encourage the Government of Mali to deploy the required defense and security forces and to allocate the necessary financial resources to ensure the return of the civilian authorities and the provision of basic socio-economic services throughout the country, in particular in the northern regions. and from the center ”, he wished.
In recent months, he said, attacks by extremist groups against MINUSMA camps in northern Mali have intensified. The UN Secretary-General is counting on the support of the Security Council in taking the necessary measures to deal with the troublemakers. “Faced with the new wave of violence provoked by extremist elements which has been affecting the civilian population in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger for several months, it is necessary to maintain a strong international presence. I call on all stakeholders to continue to closely coordinate these restructuring and downsizing processes with a view to avoiding a security vacuum from which armed groups and terrorists risk taking advantage.
In the last six months, some 1,300 cases of gender-based violence, including 186 cases of rape, ”lamented Antonio Guterres. According to him, the human rights situation continued to deteriorate, largely due to the intensification of violence perpetrated by extremist groups, community armed groups and militias.
As of September 6, he recalled that the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission of Mali had recorded 22,507 statements from victims and witnesses and investigated 14 emblematic cases of serious human rights violations and violations of these rights. He will also say that the humanitarian situation has continued to deteriorate. “The number of internally displaced people has almost quadrupled in two years and exceeded 386,000 people in June 2021.
In addition, if some 154,000 Malians have found refuge in neighboring countries, Mali hosts nearly 48,000 refugees, including 13,000 from Burkina Faso, 17,000 from Niger and 16,000 from Mauritania, to whom it provides protection and assistance, ”said Antonio Guterres.