The Popular Parliamentary Group has presented a battery of parliamentary initiatives to comprehensively address mental health care, including a global mental health plan in the National system of health and various measures to prevent suicide of minors.
On the one hand, it proposes the urgent approval of a global mental health plan in the National system of health with a comprehensive, transversal, multidisciplinary, humanized, personalized and equitable approach -in homogeneous conditions of accessibility, quality of care and safety- throughout Spain, which should focus on prevention, as well as on the reduction to zero of social stigma from awareness of citizens through information and training.
To this end, it requests the Government to draw up said plan from the consensus with the autonomous communities and the community sphere and from full coordination with patients and professionals in the health, research, social and educational fields. Also from the convergence with the measures proposed by the World Health Organization and the Union European Union, endowing it in a specific way with the human, structural, technological and economic resources that are necessary.
The GPP highlights that this objective was already included in the update of the Mental Health Strategy of the National Health System, which was presented for the validation of the autonomous communities in the Interterritorial Council of April 2016, and in the agreement of the Commission for Social and Economic Reconstruction of the Congress of Deputies. However, he assures that the Executive of Pedro Sánchez “has not made any tangible progress.”
On the other hand, the GPP emphasizes that minors and young people have suffered especially during confinement. In this sense, points out a study of the universities of Oxford y Manchester which shows that the number of violent episodes from children to parents shot up to 70% during confinement.
In addition, it points out that the ‘ANAR 2020 annual report: ANAR telephone / chat in times of Covid-19’ contains that during confinement, suicidal ideation increased by 244.1%; anxiety 280.6%; low self-esteem 213.3%; depression / sadness 87.7%; eating disorders 826.3%; and after returning to school, self-harm increased 246.2%; aggressiveness 124.5% and grief 24.5%. However, the main reason for calling for help from minors was violence – 52% of the cases.
Spanish Foundation for Prevention
Also, according to data from the Spanish Foundation for Prevention of Suicide, in 2019 309 people between the ages of 15 and 29 took their lives, constituting the leading cause of death of young Spaniards, and according to the College of Psychologists of Madrid, suicide cases among the child and adolescent population increased by 250% during 2020.
Given these data, the popular consider that the Government “cannot abandon its functions” and must promote programs and initiatives that solve the suffering of minors. Thus, the GPP urges the Executive to prepare a Strategic Plan for the Prevention of Suicide in young people, within the new Mental Health Strategy of the National Health System.
Likewise, it urges the Government to implement the following measures of the law childhood and adolescence: specialization of the judicial bodies that provide assistance focused on this matter, training activities aimed at the prevention and detection of minors exposed to gender violence and establishing tools for the preconstitution of evidence in the declarations of minors to avoid secondary victimization.
Visibility to mental health
Finally, the GPP asks that RTVE carry out in 2022 a comprehensive campaign of good practices that gives visibility to mental health and collaborates to generate knowledge and social sensitivity necessary to adequately address this issue in Spain.
It also urges the corporation to design a line of programming, information, analysis and debate on mental health in Spain that trains and educates its professionals on the subject of mental health, with the incorporation of updated recommendations and journalistic criteria agreed by the scientific and medical community into its internal style and good practice manuals.
«Mental health problems have increased exponentially. We cannot look the other way in the face of this serious situation. We have an obligation to turn this problem into a matter of State. We propose a Global Mental Health Plan to face it from the unit », said the spokesperson for the Popular Parliamentary Group, Cuca Gamarra, in a publication on her social media account on the occasion of World Youth Day. Mental health.