Phobias, when fear becomes your worst nightmare

Did you know that Ronald Reagan suffered hexakosioihexekontahexafobia? This pathology (abbreviated as trihexaphobia) consists of the I reject the number 666 and everything that may be directly or indirectly related to it.

The Spanish Society of Psychiatry (SEP) points out that anxiety and phobias affect one in ten people at some point in life. For its part, anxiety is much more common, since it is the normal feeling of fear that is generated when facing difficult or threatening situations, although this is usually temporary and can be controlled.

The fear becomes so extremely great that some people will do anything to avoid having to face it.

When we talk about phobic anxiety disorder, commonly known as phobia, we refer to an uncontrollable, irrational and persistent fear in the face of something very concrete and defined: an object, a situation or an activity that is not considered dangerous. In this case, this fear becomes so extremely great that some people will do anything to avoid having to face that fear.

According to the Primary Care Clinical Database (BDCAP) of the Ministry of Health, Consumption and Social Welfare, it is a disorder that affects more women (2.4%) than men (1.4%), a difference that also increases between the ages of 25 and 59. In addition, there has been a slight decrease in the annual prevalence in recent years and currently stands at 0.35%.

Symptoms and causes of phobias

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Phobias are characterized by not keeping proportion to the real risk, but rather the fear that the person feels is exaggerated. Although each phobia can reflect specific symptoms depending on the type, the Mayo Clinic specifies certain reactions that are usually common:

  • Immediate or intense fear, anxiety, and panic when you expose yourself to what that fear produces in you.
  • Usually people they are aware that that fear is exaggerated and unreal, but they are not able to control feelings.
  • Anxiety gets worse as the confrontation gets closer, either a temporal or physical proximity.
  • Avoid the confrontational situation as much as possible or endure it with extreme anxiety and fear.
  • Sometimes, the person’s normal and routine behavior is affected because of the phobia.
  • Excessive sweating, fast heartbeat, chest tightness, or trouble breathing.
  • The nausea, dizziness, or fainting they are also common.
  • In the case of children, berrinches, clinging to other people, crying …

Despite the fact that in many cases it is not known what the real cause of the phobia is, the negative experiences, genetics, environment, or brain function may be some. In addition, risk factors such as age, the behavior of a very close relative or even the type of temperament of the person can become risk factors that trigger the birth of the disorder.

Top 10 weirdest phobias in the world

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The human mind is still a mystery to the scientific world. Some of the most common phobias are the fear of flying, of closed spaces, of spiders, of speaking in public or of the dark, among many others. However, do we know the rarest ones?

  • Phobophobia. The most paradoxical of all ranks first, since this phobia is characterized by fear of having some kind of phobia, so that you end up developing this one.
  • Myrmecophobia. Fear of ants or a tingling sensation in the body. People who suffer from it are terrified if they see an anthill or even a row of ants on the ground.
  • Ataxophobia: Fear of disorder. These types of people are affected by thinking that something may not be ordered.
  • Catoptrophobia or eisoptrophobia. Fear of mirrors, whether you see it from afar or if you see yourself reflected in one.
  • Turophobia. This is one of the strangest and least common, and it occurs when people feel fear of seeing or being near cheese, whichever.
  • Hexakosioihexekontahexafobia. Afraid to the number 666, which is linked to the devil. Former United States President Ronald Reagan suffered from this disorder.
  • Xanthophobia. Fear of the color yellow. This fear is one of those that most affects social life, since colors are everywhere.
  • Somniphobia Fear of sleeping This fact can become a real nightmare when you fear doing it.
  • Ombrophobia. Fear of rain Not only do you fear the fact of feeling it, but you fear the simple fact of seeing it or knowing that it is happening.
  • Suffophobia. Fear of learning new things. It could be defined as the persistent, abnormal and unjustified fear of learning, being one of the less known phobias.
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