Neither the migratory flows – the usual ones – have ceased, nor is the High Level Meeting -posted sine die-, it is not expected to resume Operation Crossing the Strait, nor have the borders, sealed more than a year ago, been reopened … everything is at the expense of a meeting of Pedro Sanchez with the Alawite monarch that does not finish materializing.
The relationship with the southern neighbor has never been easy, and the Spanish perceive Morocco more as a threat than an ally. Therefore, in view of the latest aggression, the SocioMétrica survey for EL ESPAÑOL makes the position of the citizens very clear. 80.4% of those questioned consider that in the event that Morocco tries to seize Ceuta and Melilla using some kind of force, Spain should “respond with proportional force”.
It is an overwhelming majority, which multiplies almost by seven 12,3% of Spaniards who would prefer to “accept the fait accompli”, and with very few surveyed who do not position themselves (7,3%).
The truth is that the reaction of the Sánchez government during the May crisis could be said to have been neither one nor the other. Yes, the contingents of the Army and both the National Police and the Civil Guard on the border were redoubled.
But an aggressive response was never adopted: the presence of more armed men and women had, according to government sources, a double objective of deterrence and operability. A population closed between the sea and the fence and with only 80,000 inhabitants did not have the capacity to assume a population increase of 12% – and without its own means of subsistence – suddenly.
The president immediately flew to the Autonomous City of Ceuta and warned that would defend the territory “with the necessary means”; the foreign services mobilized all the allies of the European Union, and the institutions of Brussels themselves they made a very firm speech. To the point that the Commission envoy warned Rabat that economic sanctions and the withdrawal of billions in cooperation funds in the next six years were at stake, which, precisely, were beginning to be allocated at that time.
Age, vote and CCAA
In addition, the responses of Spaniards do not vary too much by age group or by vote recall. Only respondents between 31 and 45 years drop from around 80% in their support for force response, with the 75,6%.
And due to political preferences, it is true that the followers of parties of the center and the right are more belligerent: 87.8% of the voters of the PP, 87.7% of those of Vox and 86.5% of those of Citizens they bet on using force if Rabat applied it. Something less is the support for this position in the sympathizers of the PSOE (73.4%) and de Más País (78.4%).
But the sympathizers of any party in favor of giving a response proportional to the force that Morocco may use in case of trying to seize the autonomous cities of North Africa are not less than two-thirds. Although it is very striking that Nationalist voters (67.2%) support the defense of Spanish borders more than those of United We Can (62.7%).
This SocioMétrica survey has the particularity that it also segments respondents by Autonomous Community, and in this regard, the answers to this question are also interesting. The region that shows least enthusiasm for the defense of Ceuta and Melilla by force is Catalonia (65.9%), closely followed by Baleares (66,2%).
The Basques are more ‘Spanishist’ (73.5%) than the Cantabrians (69.9%). And the region that would most applaud a forceful response to Morocco is Asturias (89,4%), with the Castilian-La Mancha (88.8%) very close.