The operator of Nord Stream 2 announced that the filling of the pipeline supposed to carry Russian gas to Europe started. The project’s completion comes after its construction was delayed due to diplomatic tensions between Washington and Moscow. Operated by the Russian giant Gazprom, the project was co-financed by a consortium made up of five European energy groups, including the French Engie.

Russia announced in early September the completion of the 1,230-kilometer pipeline, the total cost of which is estimated at 10 billion euros. It will double the volume of Russian gas deliveries to Germany. The commissioning comes at a time when gas prices in Europe have reached record levels, causing political turmoil across the continent.

Denmark authorizes partial commissioning of Nord Stream 2

In October 2020, Denmark officially granted Gazprom the necessary authorization to operate the pipeline. According to Danish energy agency, Nord Stream 2 has fulfilled all the safety conditions required for the construction phase and operation of pipeline B. There are only a few conditions to be fulfilled before pipeline A is operational.

The route followed by Nord Stream 2 and its twin Nord Stream 1, crosses the Finnish, Swedish and Danish maritime areas before making landfall on the German coast.

55 billion cubic meters of gas per year

Despite threats from the United States, the construction of the gas pipeline which will allow the company Gazprom to supply Europe via the Baltic Sea, is finally finished. This new pipeline will be able to transport 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year, enough to supply 26 million homes, according to the operator of Nord Stream 2.

Except that if the project represents a major geostrategic advance for Moscow, it strongly displeases Washington, which claims to fear a greater dependence of Europe vis-à-vis Russian energy imports. The Biden administration had also threatened with sanctions “any entity involved in the Nord Stream 2 pipeline” … before retreating because of the inexorable progress of the project.

The completion of Nord Stream 2 could represent a new geopolitical deal in Europe. Speaking on the subject on September 9, Maria Zakharova, spokesperson for Russian diplomacy, was firm: “It is clear to everyone, including, moreover, opponents of Nord Stream 2, who have desperately tried to disrupt its construction, that it is simply impossible to stop it. ” The spokesperson then called for this new situation to be taken into consideration: “The time has come to agree on reasonable and mutually beneficial parameters for the operation of the gas pipeline.”

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