The Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition has learned, through the Coordinated System for Rapid Information Exchange (SCIRI), of an alert notification sent by the health authorities of the Basque Country, regarding the presence of mustard not included in the labeling in “Russian Salad” of the AMEZTOI brand.

The communication was made by the company that detected the presence of the allergen in a self-check. The company has sent instructions to its customers for the withdrawal of the products from the market and their recall.

The data of the products involved are:

Product name (on label): Russian salad with tuna

  • Brand: AMEZTOI
  • Lot numbers:
    • 73071250 in 1.2 kg format.
    • 7941260 in 300g format.
    • 7941250 in 300 g format.
  • Refrigerated product.

Image of the withdrawn product. AESAN.

Product name (on label): Russian salad LZ

  • Brand: AMEZTOI
  • Lot numbers:
    • L707912237 and L70791242 in 2Kg format
  • Refrigerated product

This information has been transferred to the competent authorities of the autonomous communities through the Coordinated System for Rapid Information Exchange (SCIRI) and to the Services of the European Commission through the European Food Alert Network (RASFF), in order to that the withdrawal of the affected products from the marketing channels is verified.

As a precautionary measure, Mustard allergy sufferers who may have the aforementioned products in their homes are advised to refrain from consuming them. For people who do not suffer from this food allergy, consumption does not present risk.

Food allergies increase

In Spain, it is estimated that about two million people are allergic to some food. Food is made up of different proteins and some of them can be potentially allergenic, being capable of inducing different types of reactions, explained María José Goikoetxea and Carmen D’Amelio, doctors at the Allergology Department of the University of Navarra Clinic.

The development of an allergy, however, depends on a number of factors, including: genetics, frequency of food consumption and timing of introduction, among others. A frequent stage of life to develop these allergies is childhood, especially during the first years when different foods are introduced.

In people with Food Allergy, there is an exaggerated response to one or more certain foods. This is due to the development of antibodies, generally after previous contact, which, By recognizing the antigen or food in question, they set in motion a series of immune reactions capable of triggering typical allergy symptoms: itching, hives, facial edema, cough, difficulty breathing, etc. These symptoms generally occur immediately or within the first two hours after ingestion or contact with food.

Variable allergies

Is it possible to overcome a food allergy? It depends on the type of food. There are food allergies in children that are usually overcome with growth, such as allergies to eggs and milk. It is estimated that at five years, 80% of patients with cow’s milk allergy and more than half with egg allergy manage to overcome it spontaneously. However, there are others, such as nuts, that do not usually disappear with age.

In cases such as fish allergy, a desensitization process can be carried out. Through a slow but progressive process, this food is introduced into the diet. It begins with minute amounts until the person can tolerate it. It is important to take into account the need to carry it out under the close supervision of a specialist. It is a technique that is more effective the earlier it is started, since from 5 years of age the chances of tolerating a food to which it has become sensitive decrease.

Does it happen only if that food is consumed directly? The allergic reaction does not depend on the amount ingested but on the sensitivity to that element. Not only do you have to pay attention to the specific piece of fruit or dried fruit, but also to those products that may contain traces (very small amounts) of it, because they are present in its composition or due to accidental contamination of other foods.

There are those who do not even need to eat that food to react to it. For instance, the fumes from cooking fish can trigger an allergic reaction in many patients with high sensitization to this food. These patients are called “vapor detectors.” In these cases, the solution is not only to avoid consuming said food, but they cannot be exposed during cooking or during the school canteen service.

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