Historian calls Russia the birthplace of political terrorism

Author of the book “Terrorism in the Russian Empire. A short course ”spoke about the influence of the Russian revolutionary movement in the second half of the 19th century. According to Oleg Budnitsky, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor at the Faculty of Humanities, Director of the Institute of Soviet and Post-Soviet History at the HSE Research Institute, Russia has become the birthplace of political terrorism in the modern sense. The historian told about this in an interview with “Lente.ru”.

Budnitsky noted that historians are still arguing about the origins of terrorism. He stressed that the spread of terrorist ideas among Russian revolutionaries in the second half of the 19th century made them an example for extremists in other countries. “In this sense, Russia can be considered the birthplace of terrorism in the modern sense,” said the historian.

The author of the book cited as an example the assassination of Alexander II on March 1, 1881. A bomb was thrown under the king’s carriage in the afternoon, on a crowded street. “It was a classic terrorist act, which its participants and organizers tried to use to change the existing political system in Russia. If the killers of Paul I wanted to get rid of this particular tsar, then the People’s Will wanted to destroy tsarism, “Budnitsky explained.

The historian added that the phenomenon of revolutionary terrorism was the product of changes in society that took place at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. Technological progress also contributed to the emergence of such ideas.

Earlier it became known about the decryption of the correspondence of the French queen Marie Antoinette with Count Axel von Fersen. In the original letters, some words were crossed out, according to Science Advances.

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